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In-situ defect detection in Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF) by using thermography and optical tomography

  • Laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is one of the most promising additive manufacturing (AM) technologies for the production of complex metallic real part components. Due to the multitude of factors influencing process conditions and part quality and due to the layer-wise characteristic of the process, monitoring of process signatures seems to be mandatory in case of the production of safety critical components. Here, the iterative process nature enables unique access for in-situ monitoring during part manufacture. In this talk, the successful test of the synchronous use of a high-frequency infrared camera and a camera for long time exposure, working in the visible spectrum (VIS) and equipped with a near infrared filter (NIR), will be introduced as a machine manufacturer independent thermal detection monitoring set-up. Thereby, the synchronous use of an infrared camera and a VIS NIR camera combines the advantages of high framerate and high spatial resolution. The manufacture of a 316LLaser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is one of the most promising additive manufacturing (AM) technologies for the production of complex metallic real part components. Due to the multitude of factors influencing process conditions and part quality and due to the layer-wise characteristic of the process, monitoring of process signatures seems to be mandatory in case of the production of safety critical components. Here, the iterative process nature enables unique access for in-situ monitoring during part manufacture. In this talk, the successful test of the synchronous use of a high-frequency infrared camera and a camera for long time exposure, working in the visible spectrum (VIS) and equipped with a near infrared filter (NIR), will be introduced as a machine manufacturer independent thermal detection monitoring set-up. Thereby, the synchronous use of an infrared camera and a VIS NIR camera combines the advantages of high framerate and high spatial resolution. The manufacture of a 316L stainless steel specimen, containing purposely seeded defects and volumes with forced changes of energy inputs, was monitored during the build. The measured thermal responses are analysed and compared with a defect mapping obtained by micro X-ray computed tomography (CT). The first results regarding methods for data analysis, derived correlations between measured signals and detected defects as well as sources of possible data misinterpretation are presented in this talk.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Gunther Mohr
Koautoren/innen:Simon J. Altenburg, Alexander Ulbricht, Kai Hilgenberg
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung
8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung / 8.5 Mikro-ZfP
8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung / 8.7 Thermografische Verfahren
9 Komponentensicherheit
9 Komponentensicherheit / 9.3 Schweißtechnische Fertigungsverfahren
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Additive Manufacturing (AM); Computed tomography (CT); Data fusion; Infrared thermography; Lack-of-fusion; Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF); Optical tomography; Process monitoring; Selective Laser Melting (SLM)
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:45. MPA Seminar - Fit for Future – Advanced Manufacturing Technologies, Materials and Lifetime
Veranstaltungsort:Stuttgart, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:01.10.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:02.10.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:28.10.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein