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Priming in soil microbial communities mediated by biocide-induced horizontal gene-transfer

  • Soil microbes are exposed to different environmental stressors originating from various sources. Biocides used as material preservatives can represent environmental stressors since they are in direct contact with the environment including soil. Microorganism in soils can adapt to stress by different mechanisms; for example, by transferring mobile genetic elements via horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Here, we hypothesize that material preservatives can cause increased frequencies of HGT (i.e. altered community permissiveness) facilitating microbial community adaptation to stress. Furthermore, we hypothesize that soil microbial communities are primed by biocide exposure facilitating the response to different types of stresses. We will incubate soil mesocosms with selected biocides to investigate if these compounds promote HGT of plasmids that carry resistance genes in soil microbial communities. Subsequently, we will prime the soil microbial community with sub-inhibitory concentrations ofSoil microbes are exposed to different environmental stressors originating from various sources. Biocides used as material preservatives can represent environmental stressors since they are in direct contact with the environment including soil. Microorganism in soils can adapt to stress by different mechanisms; for example, by transferring mobile genetic elements via horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Here, we hypothesize that material preservatives can cause increased frequencies of HGT (i.e. altered community permissiveness) facilitating microbial community adaptation to stress. Furthermore, we hypothesize that soil microbial communities are primed by biocide exposure facilitating the response to different types of stresses. We will incubate soil mesocosms with selected biocides to investigate if these compounds promote HGT of plasmids that carry resistance genes in soil microbial communities. Subsequently, we will prime the soil microbial community with sub-inhibitory concentrations of biocides followed by exposure to toxic biocide concentrations or other types of common environmental stresses including metals, antibiotics, and salt. Using suitable control experiments, a shift in the functional response of the primed as compared to the non-primed community would indicate that biocides prime microbial communities via HGT. Together these results will elucidate the effect of biocides on HGT-mediated adaptation to environmental stressors in soil microbial communities.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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  • SFB973 Stress Symposium Poster.pdf
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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Selina Schmidt
Koautoren/innen:Frank Schreiber
Dokumenttyp:Posterpräsentation
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.1 Biologische Materialschädigung und Referenzorganismen
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:Biocides; Horizontal gene transfer HGT; Microbiology; Resistance evolution
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltverhalten von Materialien und Produkten
Veranstaltung:SFB973 Stress Symposium
Veranstaltungsort:Berlin, Germany
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:09.04.2018
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:11.04.2018
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:16.10.2018
Referierte Publikation:Nein