Shear Force Processing of Lipoaspirates for Stem Cell Enrichment Does Not Affect Secretome of Human Cells Detected by Mass Spectrometry In Vitro

  • Background: Lipofilling is one of the most often performed surgical procedures in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Lipoaspirates provide a ready source of stem cells and secreted factors that contribute to neoangiogenesis and fat graft survival. However, the regulations about the enrichment of these beneficial cells and factors are ambiguous. In this study, the authors tested whether a combination of centrifugation and homogenization allowed the enrichment of viable stem cells in lipoaspirates through the selective removal of tumescent solution, blood, and released lipids without significantly affecting the cell secretome. Methods: Human lipoaspirate was harvested from six different patients using water jet–assisted liposuction. Lipoaspirate was homogenized by first centrifugation (3584 rpm for 2 minutes), shear strain (10 times intersyringe processing), and second centrifugation (3584 rpm for 2 minutes). Stem cell enrichment was shown by cell counting after stem cell isolation. Lipoaspirate from different processing steps (unprocessed, after first centrifugation, after homogenization, after second centrifugation) was incubated in serum-free cell culture medium for mass spectrometric analysis of secreted proteins. Results: Lipoaspirate homogenization leads to a significant 2.6 ± 1.75-fold enrichment attributable to volume reduction without reducing the viability of the stem cells. Protein composition of the secretome did not change significantly after tissue homogenization. Considering the enrichment effects, there were no significant differences in the protein concentration of the 83 proteins found in all processing steps. Conclusions: Stem cells can be enriched mechanically without significantly affecting the composition of secreted proteins. Shear-assisted enrichment of lipoaspirate constitutes no substantial manipulation of the cells’ secretome.

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Author:Lukas PrantlORCiD, Andreas EigenbergerORCiD, Silvan Klein, Katharina Limm, Peter J. Oefner, Thomas SchratzenstallerORCiD, Oliver FelthausORCiD
Parent Title (English):Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Publisher:American Society of Plastic Surgeons
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2020
Release Date:2021/11/19
First Page:749e
Last Page:758e
Institutes:Fakultät Maschinenbau
Regensburg Center of Biomedical Engineering - RCBE
Fakultät Maschinenbau / Labor Medizinprodukte
research focus:Lebenswissenschaften und Ethik
Licence (German):Keine Lizenz - Es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht: § 53 UrhG