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Why does Africa need African concrete? An observation of concrete in Europe, America, and Asia - and conclusions for Africa

  • Portland cement, as we know it today, has its origin in Great Britain approximately 170 years ago. Since then, concrete technology has spread out to Europe, the United States, and Japan, where it became a key component for rapid industrial development. Europe, the Unites States and many Asian countries today have developed a high level of technology regarding concrete construction. However, each of them has a unique history and as a result, different “concrete philosophy” depending upon the social, environmental and financial boundary conditions, as well as their evolution throughout the years and local construction traditions. As a result, the word concrete may refer to rather different materials in America, Europe, and Asia. Apart from South Africa, most sub-Saharan African countries cannot look back on a similarly long cement and concrete history. Cement and concrete are rather new materials and not yet well established. This gives African engineers the unique opportunity to learnPortland cement, as we know it today, has its origin in Great Britain approximately 170 years ago. Since then, concrete technology has spread out to Europe, the United States, and Japan, where it became a key component for rapid industrial development. Europe, the Unites States and many Asian countries today have developed a high level of technology regarding concrete construction. However, each of them has a unique history and as a result, different “concrete philosophy” depending upon the social, environmental and financial boundary conditions, as well as their evolution throughout the years and local construction traditions. As a result, the word concrete may refer to rather different materials in America, Europe, and Asia. Apart from South Africa, most sub-Saharan African countries cannot look back on a similarly long cement and concrete history. Cement and concrete are rather new materials and not yet well established. This gives African engineers the unique opportunity to learn from past mistakes and to develop a concrete technology, which refers to the best available practice. However, in many sub-Saharan African countries, standards and regulations are adopted (preferably from Europe or the US) without consideration of the historical background of these standards. Although this practice helps saving resources for the implementation, it does not necessarily yield the best result in the African environment, and also from an economic point of view it might come back disadvantageously due to unnecessary overdesigning. By comparing the differing states-of-the-art in North America, Europe, and Asia, this paper emphasizes, how regional conditions determine the practice of concrete technology in the sub-Saharan area. It is therefore important for Africa to develop a unique African concrete technology, which is perfectly fitted to the specific local conditions, even if it may vary distinctively from the established practice elsewhere. The paper concludes that African nations should effort into adapting existing principles that have proved to function well rather than adopting existing standards.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Wolfram Schmidt, A. Radlinska, C. Nmai, A. Buregyeya, W.L. Lai, S. Kou
Persönliche Herausgeber/innen:H.C. Uzoegbo, Wolfram Schmidt
Dokumenttyp:Beitrag zu einem Tagungsband
Veröffentlichungsform:Eigenverlag BAM
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):ACCTA - International conference on advances in cement and concrete technology in Africa 2013 (Proceedings)
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Organisationseinheit der BAM:7 Bauwerkssicherheit
7 Bauwerkssicherheit / 7.4 Baustofftechnologie
Herausgeber (Institution):Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Erste Seite:1139
Letzte Seite:1147
Freie Schlagwörter:Casting environment; Cement; Concrete; Durability; Standards
Veranstaltung:ACCTA - International conference on advances in cement and concrete technology in Africa 2013
Veranstaltungsort:Johannesburg, South Africa
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:28.01.2013
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:30.01.2013
ISBN:978-3-9815360-3-4
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein