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A Mathematical Approach to Smoothed Molecular Dynamics: Correcting Potentials for Freezing Bond Angles

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-1960
  • The interaction potential of molecular systems which are typically used in molecular dynamics can be split into two parts of essentially different stiffness. The strong part of the potential forces the solution of the equations of motion to oscillate on a very small time scale. There is a strong need for eliminating the smallest time scales because they are a severe restriction for numerical long-term simulations of macromolecules. This leads to the idea of just freezing the high frequency degrees of freedom (bond stretching and bond angles). However, the naive way of doing this via holonomic constraints is bound to produce incorrect results. The paper presents a mathematically rigorous discussion of the limit situation in which the stiffness of the strong part of the potential is increased to infinity. It is demonstrated that the average of the limit solution indeed obeys a constrained Hamiltonian system but with a {\em corrected soft potential}. An explicit formula for the additive potential correction is given and its significant contribution is demonstrated in an illustrative example. It appears that this correcting potential is definitely not identical with the Fixman-potential as was repeatedly assumed in the literature.

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Author:Folkmar A. Bornemann, Christof Schütte
Document Type:ZIB-Report
Date of first Publication:1995/11/23
Series (Serial Number):ZIB-Report (SC-95-30)
Published in:Appeared under the title ''Homogenization Approach to Smoothed Molecular Dynamics'' in: Nonlinear Analysis, Theory, Methods and Appl. 30 (1997) 1805-1814
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