Top-k Semantic Caching

  • The subject of this thesis is the intelligent caching of top-k queries in an environment with high latency and low throughput. In such an environment, caching can be used to reduce network traffic and improve response time. Slow database connections of mobile devices and to databases, which have been offshored, are practical use cases. A semantic cache is a query-based cache that caches query results and maintains their semantic description. It reuses partial matches of previous query results. Each query that is processed by the semantic cache is split into two disjoint parts: one that can be completely answered with tuples of the cache probe query, and another that requires tuples to be transferred from the server (remainder query). Existing semantic caches do not support top-k queries, i.e., ordered and limited queries. In this thesis, we present an innovative semantic cache that naturally supports top-k queries. The support of top-k queries in a semantic cache has considerable effects on cache elements, operations on cacheThe subject of this thesis is the intelligent caching of top-k queries in an environment with high latency and low throughput. In such an environment, caching can be used to reduce network traffic and improve response time. Slow database connections of mobile devices and to databases, which have been offshored, are practical use cases. A semantic cache is a query-based cache that caches query results and maintains their semantic description. It reuses partial matches of previous query results. Each query that is processed by the semantic cache is split into two disjoint parts: one that can be completely answered with tuples of the cache probe query, and another that requires tuples to be transferred from the server (remainder query). Existing semantic caches do not support top-k queries, i.e., ordered and limited queries. In this thesis, we present an innovative semantic cache that naturally supports top-k queries. The support of top-k queries in a semantic cache has considerable effects on cache elements, operations on cache elements -- like creation, difference, intersection, and union -- and query answering. Hence, we introduce new techniques for cache management and query processing. They enable the semantic cache to become a true top-k semantic cache. In addition, we have developed a new algorithm that can estimate the lower bounds of query results of sorted queries using multidimensional histograms. Using this algorithm, our top-k semantic cache is able to pipeline partial query results of top-k queries. Thereby, query execution performance can be significantly increased. We have implemented a prototype of a top-k semantic cache called IQCache (Intelligent Query Cache). An extensive and thorough evaluation with various benchmarks using our prototype demonstrates the applicability and performance of top-k semantic caching in practice. The experiments prove that the top-k semantic cache invariably outperforms simple hash-based caching strategies and scales very well.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Christoph Ehlers
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:739-opus4-3055
Advisor:Burkhard Freitag
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language:English
Year of Completion:2015
Date of Publication (online):2015/07/22
Publishing Institution:Universität Passau
Granting Institution:Universität Passau, Fakultät für Informatik und Mathematik
Date of final exam:2015/07/16
Release Date:2015/07/22
Tag:Caching; Database; Mobile; Semantic Caching; Top-k
GND Keyword:Cache-Speicher
Page Number:266
Institutes:Fakultät für Informatik und Mathematik
Dewey Decimal Classification:0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
Licence (German):License LogoStandardbedingung laut Einverständniserklärung