Force distribution in the foot during braking – a musculoskeletal approach

  • High loads can appear in the individual joints of the human foot while the driver uses the pedals, in particular, during breaking. Measuring these internal forces is very difficult or almost impossible; therefore, advanced models are necessary to perform musculoskeletal simulations. The objective of this investigation was to see what loads are acting in the individual foot joints from the phalanges to calcaneus and talus during different brake scenarios. The Glasgow-Maastricht AnyBody Foot Model with 26 separate segments, connected by joints, ligaments and muscles was used inside the AnyBody Modeling System to compute individual mid foot joint loads. The amount, the direction of the force and additionally also the load insertion point was varied for several simulations. Figure 1: Seated musculoskeletal body model with applied brake force and forces for the lateral, intermediate and medial cuneiform-navicular joint for two different brake forces. The simulation showed that for the different brake scenarios, different muscles will be activated in the human and therefore different loads are apply in the fore-and mid-foot, respectively. The torso of the subject was assumed to be fixed in the seat. Further studies are ongoing to simulate the seat as an elastic element that allows different H-point locations according to the different loadings in the foot from the brake pedal using a new inverse dynamics analysis method called force-dependent kinematics.

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Author:Amir Andreas Al-Munajjed, Daniel Nolte, John Rasmussen, Sebastian DendorferORCiD
Parent Title (English):Human Modeling Symposium 2014, Munich, Germany
Document Type:conference proceeding (article)
Year of first Publication:2014
Release Date:2021/01/14
Institutes:Fakultät Maschinenbau
Regensburg Center of Biomedical Engineering - RCBE
Fakultät Maschinenbau / Labor Biomechanik (LBM)
research focus:Lebenswissenschaften und Ethik
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