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Mitigation of the urban heat island effect by self-cooling concrete pavers

  • Worldwide an increasing migration from rural to urban regions can be observed. Hence cities are growing and as a result the building density and the land sealing rise. Concrete as commonly used building material in urban structures provides a high heat storage capacity. Therefore the microclimate in cities has become warmer than in the surrounding areas. This phenomenon is called Urban Heat Island Effect. To mitigate this situation a large scale application of self-cooling concrete pavers is an approach to reduce the urban heat island effect. Making use of evaporation enthalpy, this new type of pavements counterbalances the absorption of solar radiation and the subsequent transfer of heat to the surrounding environment. The typical double-layer structure of concrete paving stones can be maintained. The mass concrete acts as a water storage layer and is covered by a permeable face concrete. As the different requirements of these layers demand different concrete mixtures, they areWorldwide an increasing migration from rural to urban regions can be observed. Hence cities are growing and as a result the building density and the land sealing rise. Concrete as commonly used building material in urban structures provides a high heat storage capacity. Therefore the microclimate in cities has become warmer than in the surrounding areas. This phenomenon is called Urban Heat Island Effect. To mitigate this situation a large scale application of self-cooling concrete pavers is an approach to reduce the urban heat island effect. Making use of evaporation enthalpy, this new type of pavements counterbalances the absorption of solar radiation and the subsequent transfer of heat to the surrounding environment. The typical double-layer structure of concrete paving stones can be maintained. The mass concrete acts as a water storage layer and is covered by a permeable face concrete. As the different requirements of these layers demand different concrete mixtures, they are developed and optimised for their respective functions. This paper presents some suitable no-slump concrete mixtures that combine a sufficient compressive strength as well as good water transportation properties for the above mentioned approach.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Maria Barthel, Wolfram Schmidt, Hans-Carsten Kühne
Dokumenttyp:Zeitschriftenartikel
Veröffentlichungsform:Verlagsliteratur
Sprache:Englisch
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Civil and environmental research
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Verlag:International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works
Verlagsort:New York, NY, USA
Jahrgang/Band:4
Erste Seite:35
Letzte Seite:39
Freie Schlagwörter:Fibers; No slump concrete; Pavement; Urban heat island
ISSN:2225-0514
ISSN:2224-5790
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Physisches Exemplar in der Bibliothek der BAM vorhanden ("Hardcopy Access")
Bibliotheksstandort:Sonderstandort: Publica-Schrank
Datum der Freischaltung:20.02.2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein