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Tensor-SqRA: Modeling the transition rates of interacting molecular systems in terms of potential energies

  • Estimating the rate of rare conformational changes in molecular systems is one of the goals of molecular dynamics simulations. In the past few decades, a lot of progress has been done in data-based approaches toward this problem. In contrast, model-based methods, such as the Square Root Approximation (SqRA), directly derive these quantities from the potential energy functions. In this article, we demonstrate how the SqRA formalism naturally blends with the tensor structure obtained by coupling multiple systems, resulting in the tensor-based Square Root Approximation (tSqRA). It enables efficient treatment of high-dimensional systems using the SqRA and provides an algebraic expression of the impact of coupling energies between molecular subsystems. Based on the tSqRA, we also develop the projected rate estimation, a hybrid data-model-based algorithm that efficiently estimates the slowest rates for coupled systems. In addition, we investigate the possibility of integrating low-rank approximations within this framework to maximize the potential of the tSqRA.

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Author:Alexander Sikorski, Amir Niknejad, Marcus Weber, Luca Donati
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):Journal of Chemical Physics
First Page:104112
Year of first publication:2024
ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/2311.09779
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