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On the Accuracy of Eikonal Approximations in Cardiac Electrophysiology in the Presence of Fibrosis

  • Fibrotic tissue is one of the main risk factors for cardiac arrhythmias. It is therefore a key component in computational studies. In this work, we compare the monodomain equation to two eikonal models for cardiac electrophysiology in the presence of fibrosis. We show that discontinuities in the conductivity field, due to the presence of fibrosis, introduce a delay in the activation times. The monodomain equation and eikonal-diffusion model correctly capture these delays, contrarily to the classical eikonal equation. Importantly, a coarse space discretization of the monodomain equation amplifies these delays, even after accounting for numerical error in conduction velocity. The numerical discretization may also introduce artificial conduction blocks and hence increase propagation complexity. Therefore, some care is required when comparing eikonal models to the discretized monodomain equation.

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Author:Lia Gander, Rolf KrauseORCiD, Martin WeiserORCiD, Francisco CostabalORCiD, Simone PezzutoORCiD
Document Type:In Proceedings
Parent Title (English):Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart. FIMH 2023.
Series:Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Publisher:Springer, Cham
Year of first publication:2023
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