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Non-reversible sampling schemes on submanifolds

  • Calculating averages with respect to probability measures on submanifolds is often necessary in various application areas such as molecular dynamics, computational statistical mechanics and Bayesian statistics. In recent years, various numerical schemes have been proposed in the literature to study this problem based on appropriate reversible constrained stochastic dynamics. In this paper we present and analyse a non-reversible generalisation of the projection-based scheme developed by one of the authors [ESAIM: M2AN, 54 (2020), pp. 391-430]. This scheme consists of two steps - starting from a state on the submanifold, we first update the state using a non-reversible stochastic differential equation which takes the state away from the submanifold, and in the second step we project the state back onto the manifold using the long-time limit of a ordinary differential equation. We prove the consistency of this numerical scheme and provide quantitative error estimates for estimators based on finite-time running averages. Furthermore, we present theoretical analysis which shows that this scheme outperforms its reversible counterpart in terms of asymptotic variance. We demonstrate our findings on an illustrative test example.
Author:Upanshu Sharma, Wei Zhang
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
First Page:2989
Last Page:3031
Year of first publication:2021
Page Number:43
ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02835
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