Parameter Identification in a Tuberculosis Model for Cameroon

  • A deterministic model of tuberculosis in Cameroon is designed and analyzed with respect to its transmission dynamics. The model includes lack of access to treatment and weak diagnosis capacity as well as both frequency- and density-dependent transmissions. It is shown that the model is mathematically well-posed and epidemiologically reasonable. Solutions are non-negative and bounded whenever the initial values are non-negative. A sensitivity analysis of model parameters is performed and the most sensitive ones are identified by means of a state-of-the-art Gauss-Newton method. In particular, parameters representing the proportion of individuals having access to medical facilities are seen to have a large impact on the dynamics of the disease. The model predicts that a gradual increase of these parameters could significantly reduce the disease burden on the population within the next 15 years.
Metadaten
Author:Dany Pascal Moualeu-Ngangue, Susanna Röblitz, Rainald Ehrig, Peter Deuflhard
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
Year of first publication:2015
Preprint:urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-43087
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120607