Hints for searching

Boolean Operators AND, OR, NOT

When you use the Simple Search, all terms are combined by AND automatically. For a more tightly focused search you may use the Boolean Operators to combine different search terms.

AND: The document has to contain all search terms.

OR: The document has to contain one of the search terms. This function broadens your search and is recommended, when there are different terms for the same meaning.

article OR paper

NOT: This function works excluding and might be useful to reduce a large result list: Documents, which contain the one term, may not contain the other.

article NOT paper

The Boolean Operators work for the Advanced Search as well. You may use them to combine different search terms within one search field. For example, to search for documents of the author "Doe" in the years 2002 or 2003, use the query:

Author: Doe
Year: 2002 OR 2003


In the field 'Search:', you may use the symbols '*' and '?' as wildcards. Use them in place of a character or characters that are unknown or that may differ. You cannot use them in front of a word or search string.

Example 1: chemi* finds chemical but also chemistry or chemist. Example 2: licen?e finds licence and license.

You may use double quotes (") to search for phrases.

I have some more questions - whom shall I contact?
Fachinformationszentrum der Bundeswehr
Gorch-Fock-Str. 7
D-53229 Bonn

Telefon:0049-228-845-659 bzw. -311
Fax: 0049-228-845-185
How do I publish my work here?
Please click on the publication link on the start page.
First you are requested to choose a document type. Right beneath that you can upload your document files. Having done so you may click on "send". What follows now is the actual form. You have to fill in data about your publication here (so called metadata), which is used to describe your work in cataloges and other bibliographic directories. Describe the document you want to upload using the categories and fields on the publication form. Depending on the document type, some of these fields are mandatory and therefore have to be filled in. Please describe your document as clear as possible. Mandatory fields are for example:
  • the document type (must be choosen from a list)
  • the title of your publication and the language of the title
  • the abstract of the document
  • the publication date of your document (normally the day you publish it online)
  • the language of the document (must be choosen from a list)
  • the licence, under which you want to publish your document (must be choosen from a list)
If you are unsure what to fill in certain form fields, you can point the cursor on a field and an explaining help text will be shown.
After you have finished the form, all data will be displayed once again for a check-up and you then have three possibilities: you can correct them if necessary, add your document to a collection or simply safe it directly.

In oder to publish your work cookies have to be enabled in your web browser.
What's metadata?
Metadata can be defined as
  • data describing one or more resources or as
  • data associated with an object and describing it
Basically metadata is describing documents, objects or services and contains information about their content, structure or form. More abstractly metadata is a description of data or "data about data". Bibliographic data sets and catalog entries in library catalogs can be seen as a kind of metadata.

This repository is using metadata in the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (short Dublin Core (DC)) which has fifteen basic elements. Dublin Core is the result of international efforts to reach a collective consensus in describing electronic objects (in the broadest sense). The Library of Congress (LoC), the Online Cataloging Library Center (OCLC) and several national libraries are dealing with Dublin Core in many projects and are close to introduce the system respectively.

In most cases this is no problem. Please ensure in any case, if your publisher allows a parallel publication! To do that you can use the SHERPA/ROMEO list.
Authors can choose which terms of use must be regarded for their publication. These terms are defined in a license. This repository supports different Creative Commons Licenses, from which you can pick and choose (Creative Commons Licenses/).
The Bundeswehr Specialized Information Center (FIZBw) is a specific military library designed to provide the Bundeswehr with specialized information and literature. It is also the central institution and point of contact for the library network of the special libraries of the Bundeswehr, which are joined together in the "Fachinformationsunterstützung der Bundeswehr" (FachInfoUstgBw).

FIZ Bw is explicitly committed to promoting electronic publishing in accordance with the Berlin Declaration and the Guidelines for Safeguarding Good Research Practice of the German Research Foundation (DFG).

In this function, FIZBw supports unrestricted and free access to scholarly open access publications of the Bundeswehr on the Internet and therefore provides the FIRe platform (FIZBw Repositorium). Authors can use this platform to release their publications and make them accessible to potential users. This service is available free of charge to both authors and users. The technical support of the repository is provided by the Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg(KOBV).

The digital open access publications are registered in the repository FIRe with the open source software OPUS 4. For this purpose, the publications are indexed by metadata, and their publication, administration, retrieval, and dissemination are conducted with and without full text. The digital publication is administered and released for publication by authorized persons. Digital long-term archiving is guaranteed via an OAI interface to the DNB.

The enhanced discoverability and visibility of quality-checked, scholarly digital publications and the process of publishing are fostered by interfaces to scholarly search engines. The circulation of information and results is thus enhanced and the increase in their citation is supported. This implementation of the Open Access idea optimizes interdisciplinary communication and collaboration on a local and global level.

Responsibility for open access publications, as well as compliance with relevant, discipline-specific standards, remains with the authors. The basis is the Creative Commons copyright licenses, which may be chosen from. The observance of data protection regulations and the protection of general personal rights is respected.

This document server is based on the repository software OPUS4 OPUS is documented here:
Accessibility Statement

Federal Ministry of Defence
Stauffenbergstr. 18

10785 Berlin

Subsequently represented by the Specialized Information Center of the German Federal Armed Forces (FIZBw)

Gorch-Fock-Str. 7
53229 Bonn

Telephone: 0049-228-845-659 or rather -311

Fax: 0049-228-845-185


FIZBw is a group of the Office of the Armed Forces, a department of the German Federal Armed Forces in the portfolio of the Federal Ministry of Defence. As a central military special library, it serves to provide members of the Bundeswehr with specialist information and literature. At the same time, FIZ Bw is the central institution of the "Fachinformationsunterstützung der Bundeswehr (FachInfoUstgBw)", a library network to include the special libraries within the German Federal Armed Forces.

It is legally represented by Ms. LBblDi'in Birgit Schulte.

Ms. LBblDir'in Birgit Schulte of FIZBw is responsible for editorial and database maintenance as defined by § 18 Abs. 2 MedienStV(Germany)(Contact).

The author named in the respective publication is responsible for the content of the document.

The care of the hardware and software of this server is up to KOBV (Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg).

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