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We give the basic definitions and some theoretical results about hyperdeterminants, introduced by A.~Cayley in 1845. We prove integrability (understood as $4d$-consistency) of a nonlinear difference equation defined by the $2 \times 2 \times 2$ - hyperdeterminant. This result gives rise to the following hypothesis: the difference equations defined by hyperdeterminants of any size are integrable. We show that this hypothesis already fails in the case of the $2\times 2\times 2\times 2$ - hyperdeterminant.

We classify all integrable 3-dimensional scalar discrete affine linear equations $Q_3=0$ on an elementary cubic cell of the lattice ${\mathbb Z}^3$. An equation $Q_3=0$ %of such form is called integrable if it may be consistently imposed on all $3$-dimensional elementary faces of the lattice ${\mathbb Z}^4$. Under the natural requirement of invariance of the equation under the action of the complete group of symmetries of the cube we prove that the only ontrivial(non-linearizable) integrable equation from this class is the well-known dBKP-system.

The paper describes a method for solution of very large overdetermined algebraic polynomial systems on an example that appears from a classification of all integrable 3-dimensional scalar discrete quasilinear equations $Q_3=0$ on an elementary cubic cell of the lattice ${\mathbb Z}^3$. The overdetermined polynomial algebraic system that has to be solved is far too large to be formulated. A probing' technique which replaces independent variables by random integers or zero allows to formulate subsets of this system. An automatic alteration of equation formulating steps and equation solving steps leads to an iteration process that solves the computational problem.