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The Buchberger algorithm is a basic tool for the solution of systems of polynomial equations in an environment of computer algebra applications. A model for overlapped processing of different steps of the algorithm is presented, which uses the data structure of the polynomials (distributive representation) for synchronization. The model can be applied for multi processors with fast access to shared data. It is tested with Cray X-MP multi processors based on a parallel version of Portable Standard Lisp (PSL 3.4).

The paper presents a new application of computer algebra to the treatment of steady states of reaction systems. The method is based on the Buchberger algorithm. This algorithm was modified such that it can exploit the special structure of the equations derived from reaction systems, so even large systems can be handled. In contrast to numerical approximation techniques, the algebraic solution gives a complete and definite overview of the solution space and it is even applicable when parameter values are unknown or undetermined. The algorithm, its adaptation to the problem class and its application to selected examples are presented.

Portable Standard LISP (PSL) is a portable implementation of the programming language LISP constructed at the University of Utah. The version 3.4 of PSL was implemented for CRAY X-MP computers by Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum Berlin; this implementation is based to an important part on the earlier implementation of PSL 3.2 at the University of Utah, Los Alamos National Laboratories and CRAY Research Inc. at Mendota Heights. During the work on implementing PSL the language LISP was investigated for areas which can be supported by vector hardware. One area was found in the COMMON LISP sequence functions and some typical application areas of LISP programming can be improved by vector processing too. A model for the implementation of vector instructions in LISP was developed. For arithmetic an experimental vectorizing extent of the PSL compiler was constructed. With this means full vector hardware capacity can become available for LISP applications.

Portable Standard LISP (PSL), a dialect of LISP developed at the University of Utah, has been implemented and optimized for the CRAY 1 and CRAY X-MP supercomputers. This version uses a new implementation technique that permits a step-by-step development of the PSL kernel. The initial CRAY version was acceptable, although the execution speed of the PSL was not as fast as had been anticipated. CRAY-specific optimizations were undertaken that in some cases provided a ten-fold speed improvement, resulting in a fast LISP implementation.

Portable Standard LISP (PSL, Version 3.4) and REDUCE 3 were implemented for CRAY1 and Cray X- MP computers at the Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum Berlin in 1986. As an special aspect of the implementation of PSL, an interface to the vector hardware of CRAY processors was defined. With that interface and mostly driven by the needs of REDUCE applications (e.g. extensive calculations of Gröbner bases), the arbitrary precision integer arithmetic of PSL was rebuild using full power of the vector hardware. A modular arithmetic using vector hardware was also constructed.

Gröbner bases are the main tool for solving systems of algebraic equations and some other problems in connection with polynomial ideals using Computer Algebra Systems. The procedure for the computation of Gröbner bases in REDUCE 3.3 has been modified in order to solve more complicated algebraic systems of equations by some general improvements and by some tools based on the specific resources of the CRAY X-MP. We present this modification and illustrate it by examples.

The Web of the future will provide a huge amount of information. We need better ways for dealing with and managing the information. A qualified semantic annotation of the information plays a key role for the Web of the future. This article gives an overview about the efforts of the mathematical community to build up a distributed and open information and communication system for mathematics: the Math-Net. The Math-Net Initiative has developed metadata schemas for some classes of Web resources which are relevant in mathematics. Math-Net Services process this information and enable the user to efficiently search and access the information.

The SPARC processor is a RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer) microcomputer, built into the SUN4 workstations. Since RISC processors are very well-suited for LISP processing, the implementation of a dialect of LISP (Portable Standard LISP, PSL) boded well for a great speed-up in comparison with other types of microcomputers. A first approach was done at The RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, which was derived from classical processor types like MC68000 or VAX. At the Konrad- Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik Berlin (ZIB) that initial implementation was redesigned in order to adapt PSL to the specific features of the SPARC processor. The present implementation, in some parts, is very close to Cray PSL version also done in ZIB. Some timing informations are given in the appendix.

This document describes operating procedures for running REDUCE specific to the CRAY 1 and CRAY X-MP computers running the Operating System UNICOS. The document was derived from the corresponding document for Vax/UNIX prepared by A. C. Hearn and L. R. Seward, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, (CP85).

This guide describes the CRAY/UNICOS REDUCE distribution tape and the procedures for installing, testing and maintaining REDUCE on a CRAY 1 or CRAY X-MP running UNICOS. This document was derived from the corresponding document for Vax/UNIX prepared by A. C. Hearn and L.R. Seward, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, publication CP84.

Portable Standard LISP (PSL) is a portable implementation of the programming language LISP constructed at the University of Utah. The version 3.4 of PSL was implemented for CRAY X-MP computers by Konrad Zuse-Zentrum Berlin; this implementation is based to an important part on the earlier implementation of PSL 3.2 at Salt Lake City, Los Alamos and Mendota Heights.

This guide describes the CRAY/COS REDUCE distribution tape and the procedures for installing, testing and maintaining REDUCE on a CRAY 1 or CRAY X-MP running COS. This document was derived from the corresponding document for Vax/Unix prepared by A. C. Hearn and L. R. Seward, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, publication CP84.

This document describes operating procedures for running REDUCE specific to the CRAY 1 and CRAY X-MP computers running the CRAY Operating System (COS). The document was derived from the corresponding document for Vax/UNIX prepared by A.C. Hearn and L.R. Seward, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, (CP85).

In this paper we describe the semantic analysis of differential equations given in the ubiquitous semi-structured formats MathML and OpenMath. The analysis is integrated in a deployed Web indexing framework. Starting from basic classifications for differential equations the proposed system architecture is amenable to extensions for further reconstruction of mathematical content on the Web. The syntactic analysis of mathematical formulae given in the considered formats must overcome ambiguities that stem from the fact that formula particles may have different encodings, which are in principle completely arbitrary. However, it turns out that the syntactic analysis can be done straightforward given some natural heuristic assumptions.

Supporting Global Numerical Optimization of Rational Functions by Generic Symbolic Convexity Tests
(2010)

Convexity is an important property in nonlinear optimization since it allows to apply efficient local methods for finding global solutions. We propose to apply symbolic methods to prove or disprove convexity of rational functions over a polyhedral domain. Our algorithms reduce convexity questions to real quantifier elimination problems. Our methods are implemented and publicly available in the open source computer algebra system REDUCE. Our long term goal is to integrate REDUCE as a workhorse'' for symbolic computations into a numerical solver.

Supporting Global Numerical Optimization of Rational Functions by Generic Symbolic Convexity Tests
(2010)

In this paper, the concepts and design for an efficient information service for mathematical software and further mathematical research data are presented. The publication-based approach and the Web-based approach are the main building blocks of the service and will be discussed. Heuristic methods are used for identification, extraction, and ranking of information about software and other mathematical research data. The methods provide not only information about the research data but also link software and mathematical research data to the scientific context.

In this paper, the concepts and design for an efficient information service for mathematical software and further mathematical research data are presented. The publication-based approach and the web-based approach are the main building blocks of the service and will be discussed. Heuristic methods are used for identification, extraction, and ranking of information about software and other mathematical research data. The methods provide not only information about the research data but also link software and mathematical research data to the scientific context.