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In optimal control problems with nonlinear time-dependent 3D PDEs, full 4D discretizations are usually prohibitive due to the storage requirement. For this reason gradient and quasi-Newton methods working on the reduced functional are often employed. The computation of the reduced gradient requires one solve of the state equation forward in time, and one backward solve of the adjoint equation. The state enters into the adjoint equation, again requiring the storage of a full 4D data set. We propose a lossy compression algorithm using an inexact but cheap predictor for the state data, with additional entropy coding of prediction errors. As the data is used inside a discretized, iterative algorithm, lossy coding maintaining an error bound is sufficient.

This paper presents concepts and implementation of the finite element toolbox Kaskade 7, a flexible C++ code for solving elliptic and parabolic PDE systems. Issues such as problem formulation, assembly and adaptivity are discussed at the example of optimal control problems. Trajectory compression for parabolic optimization problems is considered as a case study.

We consider an optimal control problem from hyperthermia treatment planning and its barrier regularization. We derive basic results, which lay the groundwork for the computation of optimal solutions via an interior point path-following method. Further, we report on a numerical implementation of such a method and its performance at an example problem.

Pulse thermography of concrete structures is used in civil engineering for detecting voids, honeycombing and delamination. The physical situation is readily modeled by Fourier's law. Despite the simplicity of the PDE structure, quantitatively realistic numerical 3D simulation faces two major obstacles. First, the short heating pulse induces a thin boundary layer at the heated surface which encapsulates all information and therefore has to be resolved faithfully. Even with adaptive mesh refinement techniques, obtaining useful accuracies requires an unsatisfactorily fine discretization. Second, bulk material parameters and boundary conditions are barely known exactly. We address both issues by a semi-analytic reformulation of the heat transport problem and by parameter identification. Numerical results are compared with measurements of test specimens.

The biodomain model of cardioelectric excitation consists of a reaction‐diffusion equation, an elliptic algebraic constraint, and a set of pointwise ODEs. Fast reaction enforces small time steps, such that for common mesh sizes the reaction‐diffusion equation is easily solved implicitly due to a dominating mass matrix. In contrast, the elliptic constraint does not benefit from small time steps and requires a comparably expensive solution. We propose a delayed residual compensation that improves the solution of the elliptic constraint and thus alleviates the need for long iteration times.

Reasons for the failure of adaptive methods to deliver improved efficiency when integrating monodomain models for myocardiac excitation are discussed. Two closely related techniques for reducing the computational complexity of linearly implicit integrators, deliberate sparsing and splitting, are investigated with respect to their impact on computing time and accuracy.

Optimization of clinical radiofrequency hyperthermia by use of MR-thermography in a hybrid system
(2010)

In optimal control problems with nonlinear time-dependent 3D PDEs, the computation of the reduced gradient by adjoint methods requires one solve of the state equation forward in time, and one backward solve of the adjoint equation. Since the state enters into the adjoint equation, the storage of a 4D discretization is necessary. We propose a lossy compression algorithm using a cheap predictor for the state data, with additional entropy coding of prediction errors. Analytical and numerical results indicate that compression factors around 30 can be obtained without exceeding the FE discretization error.