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The FORTRAN preprocessor fpp in the newly introduced Autotasking System of CRAY Research allows automatic vectorization and parallelization on basis of a data dependence analysis. An introduction into data dependence analysis is given, showing how data dependence graphs unveil opportunities for program transformations like vectorization and concurrentization. The report contains a complete description of the preprocessors functionality, its options and directives for increasing the effectiveness of the dependence analyzer and steering the code transformations. Finally, some advice is given for the practical use of fpp on CRAY computers.

We present visualizations of recent supercomputer simulations from numerical relativity, exploiting the progress in visualization techniques and numerical methods also from an artistic point of view. The sequences have been compiled into a video tape, showing colliding black holes, orbiting and merging neutron stars as well as collapsing gravitational waves. In this paper we give some background information and provide a glance at the presented sequences.

We describe a novel method for continuously transforming two triangulated models of arbitrary topology into each other. Equal global topology for both objects is assumed, extensions for genus changes during metamorphosis are provided. The proposed method addresses the major challenge in 3D metamorphosis, namely specifying the morphing process intuitively, with minimal user interaction and sufficient detail. Corresponding regions and point features are interactively identified. These regions are parametrized automatically and consistently, providing a basis for smooth interpolation. Utilizing suitable 3D interaction techniques a simple and intuitive control over the whole morphing process is offered.

In this paper we discuss several ways to visualize stationary and non-stationary quantum mechanical systems. We demonstrate an approach for the quantitative interpretation of probability density isovalues which yields a reasonable correlation between isosurfaces for different timesteps. As an intuitive quantity for visualizing the momentum of a quantum system we propose the probability flow density which can be treated by vector field visualization techniques. Finally, we discuss the visualization of non-stationary systems by a sequence of single timestep images.

Large scale simulations running in metacomputing environments face the problem of efficient file I/O. For efficiency it is desirable to write data locally, distributed across the computing environment, and then to minimize data transfer, i.e.\ reduce remote file access. Both aspects require I/O approaches which differ from existing paradigms. For the data output of distributed simulations, one wants to use fast local parallel I/O for all participating nodes, producing a single distributed logical file, while keeping changes to the simulation code as small as possible. For reading the data file as in postprocessing and file based visualization, one wants to have efficient partial access to remote and distributed files, using a global naming scheme and efficient data caching, and again keeping the changes to the postprocessing code small. However, all available software solutions require the entire data to be staged locally (involving possible data recombination and conversion), or suffer from the performance problems of remote or distributed file systems. In this paper we show how to interface the HDF5 I/O library via its flexible Virtual File Driver layer to the Globus Data Grid. We show, that combining these two toolkits in a suitable way provides us with a new I/O framework, which allows efficient, secure, distributed and parallel file I/O in a metacomputing environment.

Dieser Bericht beschreibt die Ergebnisse eines Anwendungsprojektes, das parallel zum Aufbau des Berliner Hochgeschwindigkeitsdatennetzes (Berlin Regional Testbed) am ZIB durchgeführt wurde. Es werden allgemeine Werkzeuge und anwendungsspezifische Arbeitsumgebungen zur netzverteilten Visualisierung und Simulation vorgestellt. Die allgemeinen Werkzeuge unterstützen folgende Aufgaben: Kopplung von Simulationen auf (Hochleistungs-)Rechnern an lokale Grafikarbeitsplätze, objektorientierte und verteilte Visualisierung, Remote-Videoaufzeichnung, Bilddatenkompression und digitaler Filmschnitt. Die spezifischen Arbeitsumgebungen wurden für Aufgaben aus den Bereichen Numerische Mathematik, Astrophysik, Strukturforschung, Chemie, Polymerphysik und Strömungsmechanik entwickelt.

This report contains paper abstracts of the workshop "Visualization and Mathematics" held in Berlin-Dahlem in September 1997. The meeting serves as a forum for an international community of researchers and practitioners on the application of visualization techniques in mathematics and on mathematical concepts in visualization. It is the second symposium in a series of workshops bringing together mathematicians and experts from scientific visualization. The themes of the workshop include: \begin{itemize} \item - applications in differential geometry and partial differential equations \item - algorithmic aspects of adaptive and hierarchical techniques in space and time \item - time control of animated objects and corresponding algorithms \item - algorithmic representation of objects for display, storage and exchange \item - new visualization techniques for mathematical structures \item - integration of visualization with symbolic and numerical computation. \end{itemize}

In this paper various algorithms for rendering gaseous phenomena are reviewed. In computer graphics such algorithms are used to model natural scenes containing clouds, fog, flames and so on. On the other hand it has become an important technique in scientific visualization to display three dimensional scalar datasets as cloudy objects. Our emphasis is on this latter subject of so-called {\em direct volume rendering}. All algorithms will be discussed within the framework of linear transport theory. The equation of transfer is derived. This equation is suitable to describe the radiation field in a participating medium where absorption, emission, and scattering of light can occur. Almost all volume rendering algorithms can be shown to solve special cases of the equation of transfer. Related problems like the mapping from data values to model parameters or possible parallelization strategies will be discussed as well.

Regional hyperthermia, a clinical cancer therapy, is the main topic of the Sonderforschungsbereich Hyperthermia: Scientific Methods and Clinical Applications'' at Berlin. In recent years, technological improvements towards a better concentration of heat to the desired target region have been achieved. These include a rather sophisticated integrated software environment for therapy planning and a new hyperthermia applicator. In a next step, a detailed closed loop monitoring of the actual treatment is to be developed. For this purpose the hyperthermia applicator is combined with an MRI system, which will allow to check the positioning of the patients and to measure individual blood perfusion as well as the 3D temperature distribution. The measurements will then be employed for an on-line control of the whole treatment. In this intended setting, new fast feedback control algorithms will come into play.

Efficient implementations of irregular problems on vector and parallel architectures are generally hard to realize. An important class of problems are Gauß-Seidel iteration schemes applied to irregular data sets. The unstructured data dependences arising there prevent restructuring compilers from generating efficient code for vector or parallel machines. It is shown, how to structure the data dependences by decomposing the underlying data set using graph coloring techniques and by specifying a particular execution order already on the algorithm level. Methods to master the irregularities originating from different types of tasks are proposed. An application is given and some open issues and future developments are discussed.