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The kinetics of uncatalyzed and catalyzed urethane forming reactions of aliphatic diisocyanates with butan-1-ol

  • The kinetics of the urethane forming reactions of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), 4,4′-dicyclohexyl-methane-diisocyanate (HMDI) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) with butan-1-ol were systematically studied by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) in the off-line mode. The reactions were performed in toluene solution in the temperature range of 50–80 °C and perdeuterated butan-1-ol was used for quenching the reaction. The butan-1-ol was employed in high excess to diisocyanates to obtain pseudo first-order rate coefficients. For rendering the kinetics, a simple A → B → C consecutive model was applied and found to adequately describe the observed kinetic behaviors. The corresponding rate coefficients were determined and reactivities of the diisocyanates were found to decrease in the order HDI > IPDI > HMDI. Furthermore, it was observed that the second isocyanate group in HDI, due to the ring formation by intramolecular hydrogen bonds, reacted faster with butan-1-ol after the first isocyanate moiety had reacted. The formation of hydrogen bonding rings was also confirmed by DFT calculations. However, the reactivity of the second isocyanate moiety (after the first one has reacted) did not change significantly in the case of HMDI. From the temperature dependences the apparent activation parameters such as the pre-exponential factors and activation energies were determined. In addition, the reactions were also studied at 80 °C in the presence of tin(II)-2-ethylhexanoate at different concentrations and a mechanism was proposed for the catalytic process.

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Author:Anett Juhasz, Uneri Haymana Serra, Csilla Lakatos, Bence Vadkerti, Anita Ragyanszki, Odon Farkas, Sandor Keki, Lajos Nagy
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):New J. Chem.
First Page:16096
Last Page:16107
Year of first publication:2023
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