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Comparing Imperfection Ratio and Imperfection Index for Graph Classes

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-8836
  • Perfect graphs constitute a well-studied graph class with a rich structure, reflected by many characterizations with respect to different concepts. Perfect graphs are, for instance, precisely those graphs $G$ where the stable set polytope $STAB(G)$ coincides with the fractional stable set polytope $QSTAB(G)$. For all imperfect graphs $G$ it holds that $STAB(G) \subset QSTAB(G)$. It is, therefore, natural to use the difference between the two polytopes in order to decide how far an imperfect graph is away from being perfect; we discuss three different concepts, involving the facet set of $STAB( G)$, the disjunctive index of $QSTAB(G)$, and the dilation ratio of the two polytopes. Including only certain types of facets for $STAB(G)$, we obtain graphs that are in some sense close to perfect graphs, for example minimally immperfect graphs, and certain other classes of so-called rank-perfect graphs. The imperfection ratio has been introduced by (Gerke and McDiarmid, 2001) as the dilation ratio of $STAB(G)$ and $QSTAB(G)$, whereas (Aguilera et al., 2003) suggest to take the disjunctive index of $Q STAB(G)$ as the imperfection index of $G$. For both invariants there exist no general upper bounds, but there are bounds known for the imperfection ratio of several graph classes (Coulonges et al. 2005, Gerke and McDiarmid, 2001). Outgoing from a graph-theoretical interpretation of the imperfection index, we conclude that the imperfection index is NP-hard to compute and we prove that there exists no upper bound on the imperfect ion index for those graph classes with a known bounded imperfection ratio. Comparing the two invariants on those classes, it seems that the imperfection index measures imperfection much more roughly than the imperfection ratio; therefoe, discuss possible directions for refinements.

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Author:Arie M.C.A. Koster, Annegret Wagler
Document Type:ZIB-Report
Tag:imperfection index; imperfection ratio; perfect graphs
MSC-Classification:05-XX COMBINATORICS (For finite fields, see 11Txx) / 05Cxx Graph theory (For applications of graphs, see 68R10, 81Q30, 81T15, 82B20, 82C20, 90C35, 92E10, 94C15) / 05C17 Perfect graphs
90-XX OPERATIONS RESEARCH, MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING / 90Cxx Mathematical programming [See also 49Mxx, 65Kxx] / 90C57 Polyhedral combinatorics, branch-and-bound, branch-and-cut
Date of first Publication:2005/11/30
Series (Serial Number):ZIB-Report (05-50)
Published in:Appeared in: RAIRO-Oper. Res. 42 (2008) 485-500
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