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Optimal Line Planning in the Parametric City

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-83238
  • We formulate the line planning problem in public transport as a mixed integer linear program (MILP), which selects both passenger and vehicle routes, such that travel demands are met with respect to minimized travel times for both operators and users. We apply MILP to the Parametric City, a generic city model developed by Fielbaum et al. While the infrastructure graph and demand are entirely rotation symmetric, asymmetric optimal line plans can occur. Using group theory, we analyze the properties of symmetric solutions and introduce a symmetry gap to measure their deviation of the optimum. We also develop a 1+(1+\sqrt{2})/g-approximation algorithm, depending only on the cost related parameter g. Supported by computational experiments, we conclude that in practice symmetric line plans provide good solutions for the line planning problem in the Parametric City.

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Author:Berenike MasingORCiD
Document Type:ZIB-Report
Tag:approximation algorithm; city modelling; line planning; mixed integer programming; symmetry
Date of first Publication:2021/08/17
Series (Serial Number):ZIB-Report (21-26)
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