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Coding for secrecy in remote state estimation with an adversary

  • We study the problem of remote state estimation in the presence of an eavesdropper. A sensor transmits state information over a packet-dropping link to a legitimate user. This information is randomly overheard by an eavesdropper. To reduce information leakage to the eavesdropper, previous studies have shown that by encoding the estimate with the acknowledgments (Acks), perfect secrecy can be achieved. However, this strategy greatly relies on the accuracy of the Acks and may easily fail if the Acks are compromised by cyberattacks. In this article, we tackle this issue by proposing to switch between sending an encoded state and sending the plain state to stay resilient against fake Acks. Specifically, we assume the Acks to be randomly attacked and derive recursive expressions for the minimum-mean-squared error estimates and error covariance matrices at the legitimate user and at the eavesdropper. Based upon this, we propose a transmission policy that depends on the probability of synchronization. We formulate a partially observable Markov decision process to model the evolution of the synchronization status and derive associated optimal transmission policies. Numerical examples are provided to verify the theoretical results.
Author:Marvin Lücke, Jingyi Lu, Daniel E. Quevedo
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
First Page:4955
Last Page:4962
Year of first publication:2022
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