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From Natural Gas towards Hydrogen - A Feasibility Study on Current Transport Network Infrastructure and its Technical Control

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-79901
  • This study examines the usability of a real-world, large-scale natural gas transport infrastructure for hydrogen transport. We investigate whether a converted network can transport the amounts of hydrogen necessary to satisfy current energy demands. After introducing an optimization model for the robust transient control of hydrogen networks, we conduct computational experiments based on real-world demand scenarios. Using a representative network, we demonstrate that replacing each turbo compressor unit by four parallel hydrogen compressors, each of them comprising multiple serial compression stages, and imposing stricter rules regarding the balancing of in- and outflow suffices to realize transport in a majority of scenarios. However, due to the reduced linepack there is an increased need for technical and non-technical measures leading to a more dynamic network control. Furthermore, the amount of energy needed for compression increases by 364% on average.

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Author:Kai Hoppmann-BaumORCiD, Felix HenningsORCiD, Janina ZittelORCiD, Uwe Gotzes, Eva-Maria Spreckelsen, Klaus Spreckelsen, Thorsten KochORCiD
Document Type:ZIB-Report
Tag:Energiewende; Hydrogen Infrastructure; Hydrogen Transport; Mixed Integer Programming; Network Flows
Date of first Publication:2020/11/04
Series (Serial Number):ZIB-Report (20-27)
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