Addressing multi-label imbalance problem of Surgical Tool Detection using CNN

  • Purpose: A fully automated surgical tool detection framework is proposed for endoscopic video streams. State-of-the-art surgical tool detection methods rely on supervised one-vs-all or multi-class classification techniques, completely ignoring the co-occurrence relationship of the tools and the associated class imbalance. Methods: In this paper, we formulate tool detection as a multi-label classification task where tool co-occurrences are treated as separate classes. In addition, imbalance on tool co-occurrences is analyzed and stratification techniques are employed to address the imbalance during Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) training. Moreover, temporal smoothing is introduced as an online post-processing step to enhance run time prediction. Results: Quantitative analysis is performed on the M2CAI16 tool detection dataset to highlight the importance of stratification, temporal smoothing and the overall framework for tool detection. Conclusion: The analysis on tool imbalance, backed by the empirical results indicates the need and superiority of the proposed framework over state-of-the-art techniques.

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Author:Manish Sahu, Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Angelika Szengel, Stefan Zachow
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Volume:12
Issue:6
First Page:1013
Last Page:1020
Publisher:Springer
Year of first publication:2017
Pagenumber:8
URL:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11548-017-1565-x
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11548-017-1565-x

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