The role of titanium surface nanotopography on preosteoblast morphology, adhesion and migration

  • Surface structuring of titanium-based implants with appropriate nanotopographies can significantly modulate their impact on the biological behavior of cells populating these implants. Implant assisted bone tissue repair and regeneration require functional adhesion and expansion of bone progenitors. The surface nanotopography of implant materials used to support bone healing and its effect on cell behavior, in particular cell adhesion, spreading, expansion, and motility, is still not clearly understood. The aim of this study is to investigate preosteoblast proliferation, adhesion, morphology, and migration on different titanium materials with similar surface chemistry, but distinct nanotopographical features. Sonochemical treatment and anodic oxidation were employed to fabricate disordered – mesoporous titania (TMS), and ordered – titania nanotubular (TNT) topographies respectively. The morphological evaluation revealed a surface dependent shape, thickness, and spreading of cells owing to different adherence behavior. Cells were polygonal-shaped and well-spread on glass and TMS, but displayed an elongated fibroblast-like morphology on TNT surfaces. The cells on glass however, were much flatter than on nanostructured surfaces. Both nanostructured surfaces impaired cell adhesion, but TMS was more favorable for cell growth due to its support of cell attachment and spreading in contrast to TNT. Quantitative wound healing assay in combination with live-cell imaging revealed that cells seeded on TMS surfaces migrated in close proximity to neighboring cells and less directed when compared to the migratory behavior on other surfaces. The results indicate distinctly different cell adhesion and migration on ordered and disordered titania nanotopographies, providing important information that could be used in optimizing titanium-based scaffold design to foster bone tissue growth and repair.

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Metadaten
Author:Yulia Zhukova, Christian Hiepen, Petra Knaus, Marc Osterland, Steffen Prohaska, John W. C. Dunlop, Peter Fratzl, Ekaterina V. Skorb
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):Advanced Healthcare Materials
Date of first Publication:2017/03/30
Preprint:urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-63053
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adhm.201601244

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