KART – A Runtime Compilation Library for Improving HPC Application Performance
- The effectiveness of ahead-of-time compiler optimization heavily depends on the amount of available information at compile time. Input-specific information that is only available at runtime cannot be used, although it often determines loop counts, branching predicates and paths, as well as memory-access patterns. It can also be crucial for generating efficient SIMD-vectorized code. This is especially relevant for the many-core architectures paving the way to exascale computing, which are more sensitive to code-optimization. We explore the design-space for using input-specific information at compile-time and present KART, a C++ library solution that allows developers to compile, link, and execute code (e.g., C, C++ , Fortran) at application runtime. Besides mere runtime compilation of performance-critical code, KART can be used to instantiate the same code multiple times using different inputs, compilers, and options. Other techniques like auto-tuning and code-generation can be integrated into a KART-enabled application instead of being scripted around it. We evaluate runtimes and compilation costs for different synthetic kernels, and show the effectiveness for two real-world applications, HEOM and a WSM6 proxy.