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Shape-aware Surface Reconstruction from Sparse Data

  • The reconstruction of an object's shape or surface from a set of 3D points is a common topic in materials and life sciences, computationally handled in computer graphics. Such points usually stem from optical or tactile 3D coordinate measuring equipment. Surface reconstruction also appears in medical image analysis, e.g. in anatomy reconstruction from tomographic measurements or the alignment of intra-operative navigation and preoperative planning data. In contrast to mere 3D point clouds, medical imaging yields contextual information on the 3D point data that can be used to adopt prior information on the shape that is to be reconstructed from the measurements. In this work we propose to use a statistical shape model (SSM) as a prior for surface reconstruction. The prior knowledge is represented by a point distribution model (PDM) that is associated with a surface mesh. Using the shape distribution that is modelled by the PDM, we reformulate the problem of surface reconstruction from a probabilistic perspective based on a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM). In order to do so, the given measurements are interpreted as samples of the GMM. By using mixture components with anisotropic covariances that are oriented according to the surface normals at the PDM points, a surface-based tting is accomplished. By estimating the parameters of the GMM in a maximum a posteriori manner, the reconstruction of the surface from the given measurements is achieved. Extensive experiments suggest that our proposed approach leads to superior surface reconstructions compared to Iterative Closest Point (ICP) methods.

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Author:Florian Bernard, Luis Salamanca, Johan Thunberg, Alexander TackORCiD, Dennis Jentsch, Hans LameckerORCiD, Stefan ZachowORCiD, Frank Hertel, Jorge Goncalves, Peter Gemmar
Document Type:Article
Parent Title (English):arXiv
First Page:1602.08425v1
Fulltext Url:https://arxiv.org/pdf/1602.08425v1.pdf
Year of first publication:2016
ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1602.08425v1
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