Assessing the relative positioning of an osteosynthesis plate to the patient-specific femoral shape from plain 2D radiographs

  • We present a novel method to derive the surface distance of an osteosynthesis plate w.r.t. the patient­specific surface of the distal femur based on 2D X­ray images. Our goal is to study from clinical data, how the plate­to­bone distance affects bone healing. The patient­specific 3D shape of the femur is, however, seldom recorded for cases of femoral osteosynthesis since this typically requires Computed Tomography (CT), which comes at high cost and radiation dose. Our method instead utilizes two postoperative X­ray images to derive the femoral shape and thus can be applied on radiographs that are taken in clinical routine for follow­up. First, the implant geometry is used as a calibration object to relate the implant and the individual X­ray images spatially in a virtual X­ray setup. In a second step, the patient­specific femoral shape and pose are reconstructed in the virtual setup by fitting a deformable statistical shape and intensity model (SSIM) to the images. The relative positioning between femur and implant is then assessed in terms of displacement between the reconstructed 3D shape of the femur and the plate. A preliminary evaluation based on 4 cadaver datasets shows that the method derives the plate­to­bone distance with a mean absolute error of less than 1mm and a maximum error of 4.7 mm compared to ground truth from CT. We believe that the approach presented in this paper constitutes a meaningful tool to elucidate the effect of implant positioning on fracture healing.

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Author:Moritz Ehlke, Mark Heyland, Sven Märdian, Georg N. Duda, Stefan Zachow
Document Type:In Proceedings
Parent Title (English):Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of CAOS-International (CAOS)
Tag:3d-­reconstruction from 2d X­rays; fracture fixation of the distal femur; pose estimation; statistical shape and intensity models
Year of first publication:2015

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