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Smoothed Molecular Dynamics for Thermally Embedded Systems

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-1809
  • This paper makes use of statistical mechanics in order to construct effective potentials for Molecular Dynamics for systems with nonstationary thermal embedding. The usual approach requires the computation of a statistical ensemble of trajectories. In the context of the new model the evaluation of only one single trajectory is sufficient for the determination of all interesting quantities, which leads to an enormous reduction of computational effort. This single trajectory is the solution to a corrected Hamiltonian system with a new potential $\tilde{V}$. It turns out that $\tilde{V}$ can be defined as spatial average of the original potential $V$. Therefore, the Hamiltonian dynamics defined by $\tilde{V}$ is smoother than that effected by $V$, i.e. a numerical integration of its evolution in time allows larger stepsizes. Thus, the presented approach introduces a Molecular Dynamics with smoothed trajectories originating from spatial averaging. This is deeply connected to time--averaging in Molecular Dynamics. These two types of {\em smoothed Molecular Dynamics} share advantages (gain in efficiency, reduction of error amplification, increased stability) and problems (necessity of closing relations and adaptive control schemes) which will be explained in detail.

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Author:Christof Schütte
Document Type:ZIB-Report
Date of first Publication:1995/05/17
Series (Serial Number):ZIB-Report (SC-95-14)
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