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Analysis of a multi-scale asymptotic model for internal gravity waves in a moist atmosphere

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:kobv:188-fudissthesis000000018355-1
  • The thesis presents the analysis of a reduced model for modulation of internal gravity waves by deep convective clouds. The starting point for the derivation are conservation laws for mass, momentum and energy coupled with a bulk micro-physics model describing the evolution of mixing ratios of water vapor, cloud water and rain water. A reduced model for the identified scales of the regime is derived, using multi-scale asymptotics. The closure of the model employs conditional averaging over the horizontal scale of the convective clouds. The resulting reduced model is an extension of the anelastic equations, linearized around a constant background state, which are well-known from meteorology. The closure of the model is achieved purely by analytical means and involves no additional physically motivated assumptions. The essential new parameter arising from the coupling to a micro-physics model is the area fraction of saturated regions on the horizontal scale of the convective clouds. It turns out that this parameter is constant on the employed short timescale. Hence the clouds constitute a constant background, modulating the characteristics of propagation of internal waves. The model is then investigated by analytical as well as numerical means. Important results are, among others, that in the model moisture (i) inhibits propagation of internal waves by reducing the modulus of the group velocity, (ii) reduces the angle between the propagation direction of a wave-packet and the horizontal, (iii) causes critical layers and (iv) introduces a maximum horizontal wavelength beyond which waves are no longer propagating but become evanescent. The investigated examples of orographically generated gravity waves also feature a significant reduction of vertical momentum flux by moisture. The model is extended by assuming systematically small under-saturation, that is saturation at leading order. The closure is similar to the original case but requires additional assumptions. The saturated area fraction in the obtained model is no longer constant but now depends nonlinearly on vertical displacement and thus on vertical velocity.

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Author:Daniel Ruprecht
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Tag:deep convective clouds; gravity-waves; moisture; multiscale; reduced model
MSC-Classification:76-XX FLUID MECHANICS (For general continuum mechanics, see 74Axx, or other parts of 74-XX) / 76Bxx Incompressible inviscid fluids / 76B55 Internal waves
76-XX FLUID MECHANICS (For general continuum mechanics, see 74Axx, or other parts of 74-XX) / 76Bxx Incompressible inviscid fluids / 76B60 Atmospheric waves [See also 86A10]
86-XX GEOPHYSICS [See also 76U05, 76V05] / 86Axx Geophysics [See also 76U05, 76V05] / 86A10 Meteorology and atmospheric physics [See also 76Bxx, 76E20, 76N15, 76Q05, 76Rxx, 76U05]
PACS-Classification:90.00.00 GEOPHYSICS, ASTRONOMY, AND ASTROPHYSICS (for more detailed headings, see the Geophysics Appendix) / 92.00.00 Hydrospheric and atmospheric geophysics / 92.60.-e Properties and dynamics of the atmosphere; meteorology (see also 92.40.Zg Hydrometeorology, hydroclimatology)
Granting Institution:Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin
Advisor:Rupert Klein, Andrew J. Majda
Date of first Publication:2010/07/19
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