8323
eng
reportzib
0
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2021-08-17
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Optimal Line Planning in the Parametric City
We formulate the line planning problem in public transport as a mixed integer linear program (MILP), which selects both passenger and vehicle routes, such that travel demands are met with respect to minimized travel times for both operators and users. We apply MILP to the Parametric City, a generic city model developed by Fielbaum et al. While the infrastructure graph and demand are entirely rotation symmetric, asymmetric optimal line plans can occur. Using group theory, we analyze the properties of symmetric solutions and introduce a symmetry gap to measure their deviation of the optimum. We also develop a 1+(1+\sqrt{2})/g-approximation algorithm, depending only on the cost related parameter g. Supported by computational experiments, we conclude that in practice symmetric line plans provide good solutions for the line planning problem in the Parametric City.
1438-0064
urn:nbn:de:0297-zib-83238
publish
Berenike Masing
Berenike Masing
ZIB-Report
21-26
eng
uncontrolled
line planning
eng
uncontrolled
city modelling
eng
uncontrolled
symmetry
eng
uncontrolled
mixed integer programming
eng
uncontrolled
approximation algorithm
Network Optimization
Masing, Berenike
SymLPP
https://opus4.kobv.de/opus4-zib/files/8323/MasingOptLinePlanning.pdf