Numerical optimal control of instationary gas transport with control and state constraints

  • We consider the optimal control of a nonlinear hyperbolic system of balance laws on a one-dimensional network which arises in the context of gas transport in pipeline systems. State constraints, which are required for the safe operation of the system, are incorporated by a barrier method. We discuss the well-posedness of the governing system of partial differential-algebraic equations and investigate the existence of minimizers. For the numerical solution, we then consider the approximation of the state equation by mixed finite elements in space and a particular linear implicit time integration scheme that can be interpreted as a discontinuous Galerkin approximation. We establish well- posedness of this discretization scheme and prove the existence of minimizers for the corresponding discretized optimal control problem and discuss its numerical solution by a projected Gauß-Newton method. The efficient realization of the Jacobian and Hessian of the quadratic approximations that have to be minimized in every iteration of the Gauß-Newton method can be obtained via the solution of discretized sensitivity and adjoint equations. These are obtained by formal differentiation and transposition of the Galerkin methods employed for the discretization of the state equations. All approximations obtained after discretization can thus be interpreted as functions on the continuous level and, since the functional analytic setting is not changed by the Galerkin discretization, we observe mesh independence of the resulting fully discrete methods. For illustration of our theoretical results and to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method, we present numerical results for two test problems that model typical situations that may arise in the daily operation of gas networks.

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Author:Herbert Egger, Thomas Kugler, Winnifried Wollner
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2017/11/30
Date of first Publication:2017/11/20
Release Date:2017/11/20
Institutes:Technische Universität Darmstadt