Failure-dependent timing analysis-a new methodology for probabilistic worst-case execution time analysis

  • Embedded real-time systems are growing in complexity, which goes far beyond simplistic closed-loop functionality. Current approaches for worst-case execution time (WCET) analysis are used to verify the deadlines of such systems. These approaches calculate or measure the WCET as a single value that is expected as an upper bound for a system’s execution time. Overestimations are taken into account to make this upper bound a safe bound, but modern processor architectures expand those overestimations into unrealistic areas. Therefore, we present in this paper how of safety analysis model probabilities can be combined with elements of system development models to calculate a probabilistic WCET. This approach can be applied to systems that use mechanisms belonging to the area of fault tolerance, since such mechanisms are usually quantified using safety analyses to certify the system as being highly reliable or safe. A tool prototype implementing this approach is also presented which provides reliable safe upper bounds by performing a static WCET analysis and which overcomes the frequently encountered problem of dependence structures by using a fault injection approach.

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Author:Kai Höfig
Parent Title (English):International GI/ITG Conference on Measurement, Modelling, and Evaluation of Computing Systems and Dependability and Fault Tolerance.
Place of publication:Berlin, Heidelberg
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Publication Year:2012
Tag:Embedded real-time systems; Fault tolerance; Software safety; WCET
First Page:61
Last Page:75
faculties / departments:Fakultät für Informatik
Dewey Decimal Classification:0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 000 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke