1. Purpose and objectives of the OPUS Publication Server of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences

The OPUS Publication Server lets members of the University digitally publish academic work developed within the scope of teaching and research at the University at no charge. This includes, for example:
  • research publications from members of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences (monographs, journal articles, contributions to monographs and congress reports, research papers);
  • documents otherwise published by members of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, such as electronic newspapers or conference proceedings;
  • documents produced by students at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, including thesis papers and research project papers (with the consent of the respective thesis examiner).
Digitally published documents are assigned persistent and citable identifiers (URNs) and disseminated to the public through national and international library catalogues, search engines and other reference tools.

In this way the University Library supports the principles of Open Access by promoting the free and global access to academic publications of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences and pursuing a policy of transnational collaboration in science and research.

2. Legal conditions

Digital publication of documents on the OPUS Publication Server of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences requires a signed consent form indicating that the publishing party accepts and agrees to the applicable legal conditions.

Authors alone are responsible for the content of their documents. Authors retain all intellectual property rights. Digital publishing through the OPUS Publication Server does not exclude other forms of publication, for example in periodicals. When negotiating contract conditions with a publishing house, authors are urged to secure the publication and archiving rights for their document(s) – possibly after a grace period – for the OPUS Publication Server. If a document is first published by a publishing house, the corresponding rights of use and exploitation must be clarified prior to uploading to the OPUS Publication Server. For more on the transfer of rights, please see

Once published, digital documents cannot be removed from the OPUS Publication Server. However, in exceptional cases and where justified by important legal grounds, online access to a document may be restricted.

By publishing content under a Creative Commons licence, copyright holders may transfer certain usage rights for documents published on the OPUS Publication Server to the general public.

3. Publishing requirements for digital documents

In order to qualify for the OPUS Publication Server, a document must comply with these requirements:
  • It is intended for dissemination to the general public.
  • It is not a living document. Should a document need altering, an updated document will be published instead as a new version (comparable to the printing of new editions for books). Previously published versions of documents are neither deleted nor replaced during this process.
  • It complies with all technical parameters set by the University Library and the technical operator.
Documents are published as PDF (Portable Document Format) or PDF/A files.

Digital documents must be free of any technical safeguards or digital rights management (DRM) technologies.

Digital documents are archived permanently, depending on the availability of the corresponding formats, viewing software and conversion tools.

Authors and publishers bear sole responsibility for quality control of digitally published documents. The thesis paper of a student can only be published at the request and with the express consent of the thesis examiner.

The descriptive cataloguing and subject cataloguing of digital documents is completed automatically when filling in the publishing request forms. Subject cataloguing takes the form of abstracts, standardised keywords, freely assigned keywords and classification systems.

Documents published via the OPUS Publication Server cannot neither be altered nor deleted, just as printed documents cannot be retroactively altered after publishing. Instead, changes to a document must be introduced through a revised version. The previous version of the document will remain published on the server, but can be linked to the newest version.

4. Organisational provisions

The University Library of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences is responsible for content on the OPUS Publication Server.

The Kooperative Bibliotheksverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (KOBV) is responsible for the technical operation of the OPUS Publication Server and the archiving process. The software used is OPUS 4. The KOBV ensures the privacy and security of published documents and backs up stored data on a regular basis.

For all queries about the OPUS Publication Server, please contact the University Library of Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences:
Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences
University library
Publication Service
Marie-Curie-Str. 1
47533 Kleve

Aaron Radzicki
Telefon: +49 2821 80673 9604