A proposal for the classification of precious dental alloys according to their resistance to corrosion based on the iso 10271 standard

  • A lot of dental alloys are available on the market. Among these alloys, there are the conventional alloys, the so called casting alloys used without ceramics, the bonding alloys used with high fusing ceramics and the universal alloys used without or with low fusing ceramics. It is im portant to know the physical and mechanical properties of these materials but also their biocompatibility and their resistance to corrosion. Dental alloys are generally placed in the mouth for many years, they must not induce adverse biological reactions such as gingival swelling and erythema, mucosal pain and lichenoid reactions. Although these troubles are often caused not by the materials itself (1, 2), they can be induced by the metallic ions released during their corrosion. In order to decrease the risks to the health, it is necessary to study the corrosion of the dental alloys. Currently, the ISO 10271 Standard (3), describes 3 different corrosion tests: a static immersion test (chemical corrosion), an electrochemic al test and a tarnish test. However, there are no indications yet about the possible interpretation of test results. In this paper, we propose a method to compare and classify the dental alloys in relation to their chemical and electrochemical corrosion results. METHODS: The material tested are pure metals such as gold, palladium, silver, copper and zinc as well as dental alloys which are commercially sold (see Table 1). 54 different materials have been tested. A minimum of four samples of each material were tested by electrochemic al corrosio n and a minimum of three in chemical test. The samples were cast and prepared as indicated by the manufacturer and by the ISO 10271. For the electrochemical test, the samples are in the form of disks 11 mm in diameter. They are tested with a potentiostat/galvanostat Voltalab Model 21. For the chemical test, the samples are rectangular with the dimensions 35X10X1.7 mm. The solution used and the operating conditions are described in the ISO 10271. The concentration of metallic ions released is measured by Induced Coupled Plasma

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Author:Claire Manaranche, Helga Hornberger
URL / DOI:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242728857_A_proposal_for_the_classification_of_precious_dental_alloys_according_to_their_resistance_to_corrosion_based_on_the_ISO_10271_standard
Parent Title (English):European Cells and Materials
Publisher:Univ. of Wales
Place of publication:Aberystwyth, Wales
Document Type:Article
Year of first Publication:2003
Release Date:2022/11/30
Issue:SUPPL. 1
First Page:34
Last Page:36
Institutes:Fakultät Maschinenbau
Fakultät Maschinenbau / Labor Biomaterialien
Publication:Externe Publikationen
research focus:Produktion und Systeme
Licence (German):Keine Lizenz - Es gilt das deutsche Urheberrecht: § 53 UrhG