## 35B32 Bifurcation [See also 37Gxx, 37K50]

### Refine

Periodic Solutions to Dissipative Hyperbolic Systems. II: Hopf Bifurcation for Semilinear Problems
(2013)

We consider boundary value problems for semilinear hyperbolic systems of the type
$$
\partial_tu_j + a_j(x,\la)\partial_xu_j + b_j(x,\la,u) = 0, \; x\in(0,1), \;j=1,\dots,n
$$
with smooth coefficient functions $a_j$
and $b_j$
such that
$b_j(x,\la,0) = 0$ for all $x \in [0,1]$, $\la \in \R$, and $j=1,\ldots,n$.
We state conditions for Hopf bifurcation, i.e.,
for existence, local uniqueness (up to phase shifts), smoothness and smooth dependence
on $\la$
of time-periodic solutions bifurcating from the zero stationary solution. Furthermore,
we derive a formula which determines the bifurcation direction.
The proof is done by means of a Liapunov-Schmidt reduction procedure.
For this purpose, Fredholm properties of the linearized
system and implicit function
theorem techniques are used.
There are at least two distinguishing features of Hopf bifurcation theorems for hyperbolic PDEs in comparison with those for parabolic PDEs or for ODEs:
First, the question if a non-degenerate time-periodic solution depends smoothly on the system parameters
is much more delicate. And second,
a sufficient amount of dissipativity is needed in the system, and a priori
it is not clear how to verify this in terms of the data of the PDEs and of the boundary conditions.