Cultural tightness–looseness and national innovativeness: impacts of tolerance and diversity of opinion

  • The links between innovativeness as a driver of economic performance, and the determinants of innovativeness have been investigated by management scholars and economists for decades, focusing mostly on “hard factors” as investment in research and development, or education. Focusing on a relatively neglected, but in times of globalization even more important aspect, the infuence of cultural characteristics on innovativeness, we apply diferent econometric models to test for links between cultural tightness and looseness on the one hand, and national innovativeness on the other hand. We fnd that cultural tightness—in the sense of homogenous and intolerant societies—has a negative link to national innovativeness, while cultural looseness—in the sense of tolerant and diverse societies—displays a positive link to national innovativeness.

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  • © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit

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Author:Carsten DeckertORCiDGND, Rahel M. Schomaker
open access (DINI-Set):open_access
Qualitätssicherung:peer reviewed
open access :Gold - Erstveröffentlichung mit Lizenzhinweis
agreement:DEAL Springer
Fachbereich/Einrichtung:Hochschule Düsseldorf / Fachbereich - Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2022
Language of Publication:English
Publisher:Springer Nature
Parent Title (English):Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Article Number:29
First Page:1
Last Page:19
Tag:Diversity of opinion
GND Keyword:Innovation; Kultur; Toleranz
Corresponding Author:Carsten Deckert
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Licence (German):Creative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International
Release Date:2022/03/09
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