Design Features and Performance Details of Brush Seals for Turbine Applications

  • Adaptive and contacting seals such as brush seals have been successfully applied to turbomachinery for several years. In large steam turbine applications, however, various challenges still persist. Special focus is directed at the long-term performance and longevity of brushes on conventional spring-backed seal segments in steam turbines. This issue is particularly related to wear during startup conditions. This paper discusses the results of wear tests, derived from simulated transient turbine behavior, where the resultant seal leakage under steady state conditions is monitored. It is shown that the brush seal is significantly capable of adapting to varying operating conditions, but exhibits a degree of performance degradation during the initial startups. Together with previously reported mid-term wear data and an experience based long-term phenomenological approach a general model for brush seal performance degradation is developed. This model can be used for performance predictionAdaptive and contacting seals such as brush seals have been successfully applied to turbomachinery for several years. In large steam turbine applications, however, various challenges still persist. Special focus is directed at the long-term performance and longevity of brushes on conventional spring-backed seal segments in steam turbines. This issue is particularly related to wear during startup conditions. This paper discusses the results of wear tests, derived from simulated transient turbine behavior, where the resultant seal leakage under steady state conditions is monitored. It is shown that the brush seal is significantly capable of adapting to varying operating conditions, but exhibits a degree of performance degradation during the initial startups. Together with previously reported mid-term wear data and an experience based long-term phenomenological approach a general model for brush seal performance degradation is developed. This model can be used for performance prediction and exerts influence on brush seal design.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Matthias Neef, Erik Sulda, Norbert Sürken, Jan Walkenhorst
Fachbereich/Einrichtung:Hochschule Düsseldorf / Fachbereich - Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2006
Language:English
Publisher:ASME
Place of publication:New York
Creating Corporation:American Society of Mechanical Engineers Corporation; International Gas Turbine Institute Corporation
Parent Title (English):Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006 : presented at the 2006 ASME Turbo Expo, May 6 - 11, 2006, Barcelona, Spain
Volume:3
First Page:1385
Last Page:1392
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2006-90404
ISBN:0-7918-4238-X
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften / 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Licence (German):keine Lizenz - nur Metadaten
Release Date:2019/12/20