Meaningful information, meaningful lives : principles of a semantic information science

  • In the 1990s, cultural theorists who speculated about the implications of the Internet for society, education, interpersonal interaction and academic research tended to base their thinking on the assumptions of semiotics, or, in its most radical form, deconstruction. There was an emphasis on hypertext and hypermedia. The driving forces of that initial decade of the Internet have left us with a Semiotic Information Science: the study, design and implementation of communicating processes and relations – in a word, links –among nodes of information. In libraries and businesses, archives and museums, we catalog, index, manipulate, store and retrieve information. The paradigm shift to a Semantic Web and a Semantic Information Science offers the strong hope that we can move towards a science and society of qualitatively greater knowledge and intelligence. I advocate an expansion of the meaning of Semantic Web from a set of standard data formats for including "semantic" content in web pages to semantics understood as the branches ofIn the 1990s, cultural theorists who speculated about the implications of the Internet for society, education, interpersonal interaction and academic research tended to base their thinking on the assumptions of semiotics, or, in its most radical form, deconstruction. There was an emphasis on hypertext and hypermedia. The driving forces of that initial decade of the Internet have left us with a Semiotic Information Science: the study, design and implementation of communicating processes and relations – in a word, links –among nodes of information. In libraries and businesses, archives and museums, we catalog, index, manipulate, store and retrieve information. The paradigm shift to a Semantic Web and a Semantic Information Science offers the strong hope that we can move towards a science and society of qualitatively greater knowledge and intelligence. I advocate an expansion of the meaning of Semantic Web from a set of standard data formats for including "semantic" content in web pages to semantics understood as the branches of linguistics, computer science and psychology that deal with meaning. A Semantic Information Science will focus on the contexts that give meaning to words (as in linguistic lexical semantics), emphasize the ineffable and experiential qualities of "nodes of information" (as in psychological semantics), and deepen the meanings and interpretations of programming expressions (as in my proposed extension of computer science semantics). Semantic software (see the SBSGRID platform) will provide natural language access to databases, return answers to associative questions, bring together the flexibility of search with the precision of query, and contextually fathom the user’s needs. The more meaningful information of the Semantic Web and a Semantic Information Science will help us to "work, play, learn and care for our health differently"(ibid.) and give us more meaningful lives.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Verfasserangaben:Alan N. Shapiro
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:525-3940
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Deutsch):Informationswissenschaft zwischen virtueller Infrastruktur und materiellen Lebenswelten : Proceedings des 13. Internationalen Symposiums für Informationswissenschaft (ISI 2013), Potsdam, 19. bis 22. März 2013 / hrsg. von Hans-Christoph Hobohm. - Glückstadt: Hülsbusch, 2013. - 502 S. ISBN 978-3-86488-035-3
Dokumentart:Konferenzveröffentlichung
Sprache:Englisch
Datum der Veröffentlichung (online):12.03.2013
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2013
Veröffentlichende Institution:Fachhochschule Potsdam
Datum der Freischaltung:18.03.2013
GND-Schlagwort:Semiotik; Informationstheorie; Informationsnetz; Hypertext; Semantisches Netz; Index (Semiotik); Hyperlink
Fachbereiche und Zentrale Einrichtungen:Extern
DDC-Klassifikation:000 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 020 Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaften
Sammlungen:Tagungen / Internationales Symposium für Informationswissenschaft (ISI) 2013 / ISI 2013, Einzelbeiträge
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCC - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung