Cross-Sectional Investigation of Stress Fractures in German Elite Triathletes

Please always quote using this URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:29-opus4-129924
  • Triathlon is a popular sport for both recreational and competitive athletes. This study investigated the rates and patterns of stress fractures in the German national triathlon squad. We developed a web-based retrospective questionnaire containing questions about the frequency of stress fractures, anatomic localisation and associated risk factors. The survey was conducted as an explorative cross-sectional study. Eighty-six athletes completed the questionnaire. Twenty athletes (23%) sustained at least one stress fracture. All documented stress fractures were located in the lower extremities. Factors associated with a higher risk for stress fractures were female gender, competitive sport priorTriathlon is a popular sport for both recreational and competitive athletes. This study investigated the rates and patterns of stress fractures in the German national triathlon squad. We developed a web-based retrospective questionnaire containing questions about the frequency of stress fractures, anatomic localisation and associated risk factors. The survey was conducted as an explorative cross-sectional study. Eighty-six athletes completed the questionnaire. Twenty athletes (23%) sustained at least one stress fracture. All documented stress fractures were located in the lower extremities. Factors associated with a higher risk for stress fractures were female gender, competitive sport prior to triathlon career, Vitamin D or iron deficiency, menstrual disturbances and a high number of annual training hours. Disseminating knowledge among athletes and their professional community in order to raise awareness about early symptoms and relevant risk factors could help to improve prevention and reduce the incidence of stress fractures.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Pauline Neidel, Petra Wolfram, Thilo Hotfiel, Martin Engelhardt, Rainer Koch, Geoffrey Lee, Stefan Zwingenberger
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:29-opus4-129924
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040088
ISSN:2075-4663
Title of the journal / compilation (English):Sports
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/04/15
Publishing Institution:Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)
Release Date:2020/01/14
Tag:injury; prevention; risk factors; stress fracture; triathlon
Volume:7
Issue:4
Original publication:Sports 7.4 (2019). <https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4663/7/4/88>
Institutes:Medizinische Fakultät
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
Collections:Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg / Eingespielte Open Access Artikel / Eingespielte Open Access Artikel 2020
Licence (German):Creative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International