We describe the results of an experiment capturing the face-to-face 'honest signals' of knowledge workers through sociometric badges. We find that collective creativity of teams is a function of the aggregated social capital of members. The higher it is, the higher their creative output. We collected communication data of 14 graduate students and their instructor during a one-week seminar, comparing it against the creative output of their teamwork. As a second component of social capital we also measured the level of trust team members show to each other through surveys. We find that the more team members directly interact with each other face-to-face, and the more they trust other team members, the more creative and of higher quality the result of their teamwork is.
Al-Qaida’s founder Osama bin Laden wore highly iconic paraphernalia (Carbon, 2008 Perception 37(5)
801–806), namely a turban and a characteristic beard. As the media consistently presented him in
this distinctive style, his outward appearance formed a visual stereotype of Islamist terrorists that, in
most cases, did not match the appearance of Islamist assassins. Using the multidimensional Implicit
Association Test (md-IAT, Gattol et al, 2011 Plos One 6(1) e15849) we tested the effect of adding
accordant stereotypical paraphernalia to male Caucasian faces (‘Muslim-version’): Compared to the
original, non-manipulated versions, the ‘Muslim-versions’ were evaluated as being more irrational,
unintelligent, unreliable and, particularly, as being more dangerous. Importantly, non-psychologists’
and psychologists’ data did not show any significant difference concerning these implicit measures but
did so for explicit measures assessed by a further test. This dissociate data pattern demonstrates that
iconic presentations elicit stereotypical associations independently of explicit reports. We argue that
visual attributes like a particular kind of beard and a turban are associated with conformity to Islam,
which is again associated with terrorist threat. More generally, the results suggest that the mere presence
of visual attributes can induce implicit black-and-white categorization and undifferentiated prejudice
toward people of other cultures.