Bias Volume 18 is a book that is dedicated to critically unpack the meaning of the call to re-write the Bible made by the first President of Zimbabwe, Canaan S. Banana in 1991. In this book, the author engages with Banana’s written works and makes critical observations regarding the call to re-write the Bible. This book argues that re-writing was proposed as a means to an end by Banana. It is demonstrated that what Banana intended was eradicating injustice, violence and inequality in the Middle East which was fuelled by the “ideology of chosenness”, which was sustained by a use of the Bible. Once it became clear the end was not re-writing the Bible, this work moved on to consider alternative means to achieving the same end. The search for alternatives leads the author to consider “the way of Europe”, that is, de-biblification or a watered down de-biblification, which is named partial de-biblification in this work. Finally, the author proposes a “critical biblification” as a viable alternative to re-writing or de-biblification. This book, in honour of Banana, calls for socially and contextually relevant biblical studies.
GRAID (Grammatical Relations and Animacy in Discourse) is a system for annotating natural discourse, designed to be applicable to a maximally large and typologically diverse set of languages. The annotations target referential expressions in texts, noting the form, person value, and animacy values, and are thus primarily of interest for researchers working on issues such as referential density (Bickel 2003), or Preferred Argument Structure (Du Bois 2003). The aim of the annotation is to provide a set of tagging categories and procedures to enable quantitative comparison across corpora from different languages to be made. The Manual sets out the rationale for the system, discusses different theoretical approaches, illustrates the main features and discusses problematic cases. An index with the core inventory of symbols is included at the end of the manual.
This paper provides an account of the argument/adjunct distinction implementing the ‘canonical
approach’. I identify five criteria (obligatoriness, latency, co-occurrence restrictions,
grammatical relations, and iterability) and seven diagnostic tendencies that can be used to
distinguish canonical arguments from canonical adjuncts. I then apply the criteria and
tendencies to data from the Nakh-Daghestanian language Hinuq. Hinuq makes extensive use of
spatial cases for marking adjunct-like and argument-like NPs. By means of the criteria and
tendencies it is possible to distinguish spatial NPs that come close to canonical arguments from
those that are canonical adjuncts, and to place the remaining NPs bearing spatial cases within
the argument-adjunct continuum.