"Vietnam is a developing economy which still has a relatively low productivity level compared to other countries in Asia. The high growth rates of the last two decades have improved the situation. This development process is related to the institutional structure of the country. Vietnam's system of education and training is part of this structure. An analyses of this system is given in the paper. It is related to the structure of the product markets and of the labour market. There are prospects that the high growth rates of the recent past can be sustained in the future."
"Die Autoren stellen eine innovative Methode zur regionalen Arbeitsmarktprognose vor. Diese verbindet zwei bekannte statistische Verfahren, die Regressionsanalyse und die Entropie-Optimierung. Als Datenbasis für eine Ex-Post-Prognose diente ein Panel der Beschäftigung in 11 Wirtschaftszweigen und für 327 Stadt- und Landkreise in Westdeutschland über 11 Jahre (1987-1997). Für den Zeitraum von 1995 bis 1997 wurde die Generalized Extrapolation-Methode (GEM) angewendet und deren Ergebnisse mit der tatsächlichen Entwicklung verglichen. Ihre Prognosegenauigkeit wird als höher bewertet als die herkömmlicher Methoden." (IAB)
"The last decade has been shaped by dramatic developments in international trade, international investment and production, both in terms of the scale of events and in terms of their qualitative nature. Intriguing questions have been thrown up concerning the labor market impact of these developments, notably welfare issues (the evolution of real wages, employment and unemployment), the distribution of income (the wage structure) and employment volatility. Path-breaking innovations in the theories of trade, location and the multinational firm allow a fresh look at these labor market effects. This paper takes stock of these theoretical innovations and contrasts these with the recent empirical research efforts to uncover the labor market implications of trade and FDI. We identify research gaps and highlight promising avenues for future research."
"The so-called Shift-Share-Regression is used to analyse the development of employment. This does not imply a deterministic decomposition such as in classical Shift-Share-Analysis (Dunn 1960; Loveridge and Selting 1998). Instead, Shift-Share-Regression is a powerful and flexible econometric tool, which is especially suitable for testing theory-based hypotheses. In a basic version it was introduced by Patterson (1991) as a method for analysing and testing regional industrial developments. In contrary to the deterministic Shift-Share-Analysis employment development was examined in a linear model. In Patterson's analysis the industrial sector structure was used as the sole determining factor alongside the location effects and the national trend, parallel to those of the deterministic analysis. Möller and Tassinopoulos (2000) extended Patterson's approach by an additional variable for regional concentration. Further theory-based influences were then integrated in various IAB analyses (Blien and Wolf 2002). Some results of these studies are presented below, following an overview of the method."