The second album on "Slavic Alphabet tables" presents more than 60 additional sources: grammars and primers from Slavic countries (mainly Russia and Bulgaria, to a lesser degree Serbia), manuals on Old Church Slavonic, and several Western sources. It complements the first volume which was devoted to typographical works of Western origin.
Becoming a parent is a major, privotal life course event (Galdiolo& Roskam, 2012). While many people desire having children, research on parenthood and life satisfaction suggests that the emotional benefits of parenthood are outweighed by time, psychosocial stress and financial costs (Polmann-Schult, 2014). It has been suggested that parenthood has a more negative effect on life satisfaction for women as compared to men (Hansen, 2012). The aim of the current study is to extend findings regarding gender and life satisfaction across Transition to parenthood, by looking at changes in satisfaction in various life domains across a 4-year time period.
Past research has found that the well-being of singles who desire a romantic relationship ("singles by circumstance") is poorer than that of singles who choose to remain single, in terms of loneliness, depression and self-esteem (Slonim& Schütz, 2015). Therefore, it is important to understand why some singles are satisfied with their relationship status while others are highly motivated to change it. Could it be that the two groups of singles differ regarding their expectations from romantic relationships?
Past research has found substantial differences between cuopled individuals and groups of singles in terms of their perceptions of the costs and benefits of romantic relationships (Slonim& Schütz, 2015). Coupled people see more benefits and less costs in romantic relationships, while singles, especially those who are currently not looking for a relationship, perceive romantic relationships as more costly and less beneficial. We investigated whether the three groups (coupled individuals, singles by choice and singles by circumstance) also differ in terms of their perceptions of the costs and benefits of having children. We had two competing hypothesis: on the one hand, singles by choice may value having freedom and so they will try to avoid what might limit their independence. Therefore they may perceive having children as less beneficial and more costly, similar to their attitudes towards being part of a romantic couple. On the other hand, it is possible that the differences between the groups are small (if any), since wanting children and wanting a partner no longer necessarily have to be related to each other. In the past, people who wanted children had to first find a romantic partner. However, nowadays, advances in medicine offer various ways to become a parent - even without the need to have sex. In addition, sociological changes made non-traditional households and lifestyles, such as being a single parent, more acceptable (Lamana, Riedmann& Stewart, 2015).
This PhD thesis investigates the relationship between corporate IT capability and institutional investors from two different perspectives. From the first perspective, institutional investors influence companies in their strategies and objectives. From the second, IT capability has considerable firm-internal implications that increase future prospects and firm value, which in turn attracts certain investors. The empirical results illustrate significant differences in ownership structure for firms characterized by superior IT capability. Looking deeper into this phenomenon indicates that the development of a firm’s IT capability is related to subsequent changes in the ownership structure towards more long-term oriented institutional shareholders and vice versa. This dissertation contributes to the understanding of the firm-external influences of institutional investors as well as the capital market implications of firms’ IT capability.
The eponymous heroes of "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde", "The Picture of Dorian Gray" and "Dracula" are known to most through the medium of film. These novels were adapted early on in the history of the medium and have been revisited by film makers countless times. This book asks why they had such a lasting resonance in film. It claims that the monsters featured in these novels, which were written at the advent of cinematography, differ from previous Gothic leads: Jekyll/Hyde, Dorian Gray and Dracula were born from a sense of unease with the photographic image at a time when it began to move. They embody fears triggered by new ways of representing – and thus thinking about – the human body. Their exhibitions of deviant corporeality and its effect on others anticipate the representation of the human body in film as well as an audience’s reception of a film.
Through its numerous case studies, this monograph is able to show that film history can be told as a history of the representation of the human body. It features discussions of films as diverse as "Der Januskopf", "Nosferatu", "Vampyr", "Le Testament du Docteur Cordelier", "Altered States", "Dorian Gray im Spiegel der Boulevardpresse" and "Bram Stoker’s Dracula".
Arguably, the current interest in the complexity sciences has its roots in the natural sciences, often in interplay with, and enhanced by, developments in mathematics and informatics. An oft-cited reason for this interest has been the increased ability of current computing systems to deal with complex mathematics and algorithms. As complexity gains more traction in the natural sciences, so it does in the social sciences (see e.g. Castellani, 2009). Naturally, complexity has also invaded the evaluation literature since the 1990s, where it is increasingly discussed and applied (cf. Walton, 2014). For instance, the journal Evaluation has recently published a steady number of complexity-related pieces. A search within the journal on the terms ‘complexity theory’, ‘complex system’ or ‘complexity science’ yielded forty-nine articles as part of an increasing trend. Inquiries with Scopus into complexity and evaluation yielded similar results. In this article, we take stock of recent progress and discuss what complexity holds for evaluation by discussing three recent books.
We submitted three models to the competition which were based on the I-SAW model. The models introduced four new assumptions. In the first model an adjustment process was introduced through which the tendency for exploration was higher at the beginning and decreased over time in the exploration stage. Another new assumption was that surprise as a factor influencing the weight of a trial in the sampling procedure was added. In the second model we added the possibility of an exclusion of unreliable experiences gained in the early trials of a game and the possibility of a revision of a reasonable alternative which was responsible for a very bad outcome in the previous trial. Three of the four added assumptions were combined in the third model. Because each of our models contains at least two new assumptions, we estimated the relative effect of each assumption on the estimation and prediction scores and carried out a test of robustness. In this way, we were able to clarify the usefulness of each added assumption.
This volume deals with the financing of missions and missionaries which has been a headache for the church for ages. Many approaches to funding the proclamation of the gospel have often been very pragmatic, without a solid biblical foundation. In this book Paul’s claim to offer the gospel adapanon, or free of charge, is thoroughly discussed, and posed as a biblical approach to presenting the good news to the nations. This work does not only provide an in-depth look into the Scriptural basis for tentmaking, but also studies the social and historical background to the practise in the First Century Mediterranean, and in Twenty-First Century Botswana.
Information on the author:
Dr Johannes Wessels is a Post-Doctoral fellow at the North-West University, Mahikeng Campus (South Africa), and has been involved in missions since his years as a student at the same institution. Johannes has been a pastor in various contexts in South-Africa and Botswana for more than two decades, and is also involved in the management of Natanjá Christian School in Ottosdal, South Africa.
Background: Most previous studies concerning the validity of the EQ-5D-3L items refer to applications of only a single language version of the EQ-5D-3L in only one country. Therefore, there is little information concerning the extent to which the results can be generalised across different language versions and/or different countries. Here the validity of the EQ-5D-3L items is investigated for six different language versions in six different countries.
Methods: Data came from 1341 type 2 diabetes patients (England: 289; Finland: 177; Germany: 255; Greece: 165; the Netherlands: 354; Spain: 101). The relationships of the five EQ-5D-3L items with seven different test variables (age, gender, education, previous stroke, problems with heart, problems with lower extremities, problems with eyes), were analysed for each combination of item and test variable. For each combination two logistic regression models with the dichotomised EQ-5D-3L item as dependent variable were computed. The first model contained the test variable and dummy coded countries as independent variables, the second model additionally the terms for the interaction between country and test variable. Statistically significant better fit of the second model was taken as evidence for country specific differences regarding the relationship. When such differences could be attributed mainly to one country the analyses were repeated without the data from this country. Validity was investigated with the remaining data using results of the first models.
Results: Due to lack of variation in the Spanish data only 31 of the originally intended 35 interaction tests could be performed. Only three of these yielded a significant result. In all three cases the Spanish data deviated most.
Without the Spanish data only 1 of the 35 interaction tests yielded a significant result. With 3 exceptions, the tendency of reporting problems increased with age, female gender, lower education, previous stroke, heart problems, problems with lower extremities and problems with eyes for all EQ-5D-3L items.
Conclusion: The results concerning the European Spanish
version are ambiguous. However, the items of the English, Finnish, German, Greek and Dutch versions of the EQ-5D-3L relate in substantially the same way to the test variables. Mostly, these relationships indicate the items’ validity.