Citing publications in the OPUS Bamberg/URN

Generally, OPUS publications are comparable to any other conventional publications and can thus be cited as well. Electronic publications should be cited in accordance with ISO 690-2. For more information about this topic, please visit the academic server of the University of the Saarland; in Scidok, you will want to search for the project about "digital dissertations on the internet".

In accordance with ISO 690-2, electronic publications should be cited as follows; "date" refers to the last time the source was accessed by the person citing it:

  • Frey, Hannes
    Immaterielle Vermögenswerte - Bewertung, Bilanzierung und Unternehmensperformance [online]
    Bamberg, Univ., Diss., 2011 [zitiert 15. Dezember 2011]
  • Zeger, Gabriele ; Trebin, Hans-Rainer ; Carstanjen, Heinz Dieter ; Plachke, Dieter:
    Quasicrystalline d-AlCuCo identified as random tiling by ion channeling combined with particle induced X-ray emission [online]
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 (1999) pp. 5273-5276 [zitiert 15. Mai 2000]


All documents are given a URN, a Uniform Resource Name
The purpose to the URN is to identify your dissertation permanently and to make it searchable. The URL describes the (physical) storage location of a resource. The URN, on the other hand, does not describe the location where a file is stored but an entry at the URN Resolver of the German Library where the URN and the accompanying (current) URL are saved. The advantage is that the URN is valid even if the physical location of a resource is changed (e.g. when a server is replaced).

Indicate the URN whenever you cite your work.
Unfortunately, web browsers do not facilitate URNs directly. Rather, they must be translated into URLs. This is done by the Resolving Service of the German Library:

The URN must be "wrapped" in a URL so that internet browsers can send it to the Resolver which is between them. In order to access a document, the name of the Resolver must be placed in front of the URN.
For example:
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-opus-1180

Please refer to the guides and helpful hints about citing electronic sources.