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Biases in spatial bisection induced by viewing male and female faces

  • Research on visual attention triggered by face gender is still relatively sparse. In the present study, three experiments are reported in which male and female participants were required to estimate the midpoint of a line (i.e., the “line bisection task”): at each end of the line a face was presented. Depending on the experimental condition, faces could be of the same gender (i.e., two males or two females) or the opposite gender. Experiment 1 and 2 findings converged in showing that when a male face was presented at the right and a female face at the left endpoint of the line, a clear rightward bias emerged compared to the other experimental conditions, indicating that male faces captured attention more than female faces. Importantly, male faces used across Experiment 1 and 2 were rated as more threatening than female faces, suggesting that perceived level of threat may have been responsible for the observed bias toward the male face. Experiment 3 corroborated this hypothesis by finding an attentional bias toward the male faceResearch on visual attention triggered by face gender is still relatively sparse. In the present study, three experiments are reported in which male and female participants were required to estimate the midpoint of a line (i.e., the “line bisection task”): at each end of the line a face was presented. Depending on the experimental condition, faces could be of the same gender (i.e., two males or two females) or the opposite gender. Experiment 1 and 2 findings converged in showing that when a male face was presented at the right and a female face at the left endpoint of the line, a clear rightward bias emerged compared to the other experimental conditions, indicating that male faces captured attention more than female faces. Importantly, male faces used across Experiment 1 and 2 were rated as more threatening than female faces, suggesting that perceived level of threat may have been responsible for the observed bias toward the male face. Experiment 3 corroborated this hypothesis by finding an attentional bias toward the male face with high threat (angry) faces but not with low threat (smiling) faces.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Institutes:Fakultät Humanwissenschaften / Lehrstuhl für Allgemeine Psychologie und Methodenlehre
Author:Zaira Cattaneo, Susanna Schiavi, Carlotta Lega, Chiara Renzi, Matteo Tagliaferri, Jana Boehringer, Claus-Christian Carbon, Tomaso Vecchi
Place of publication:Bamberg
Publisher:OPUS
Year of publication:2014
Remarks:Preprint
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-opus4-55760
Document Type:Variety of texts
Language:English
Publishing Institution:Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg
Release Date:2014/06/27
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht