The Cognitive Underpinnings of Option Generation in Everyday Life Decision‐Making: A Latent Variable Analysis

  • The ability to generate options for action is crucial for everyday life decision‐making. In this article, we propose and test a model of the cognitive underpinnings of option generation in everyday life situations. We carried out a laboratory study using measures of a wide range of cognitive functions and asked participants (N = 157) to generate options for actions for different everyday life decision‐making scenarios. The results of a latent variable analysis show that the cognitive underpinnings of option generation are consistent across different everyday life situations and, hence, option generation can be conceptualized as a general construct. Moreover, the results of a confirmatory factor analysis reveal that, when controlling for the shared variance among the cognitive processes assessed, verbal fluency, working memory capacity, ideation fluency, and processing speed predicted option generation. These findings suggest that option generation in everyday life situations can be distinguished from other cognitive constructs,The ability to generate options for action is crucial for everyday life decision‐making. In this article, we propose and test a model of the cognitive underpinnings of option generation in everyday life situations. We carried out a laboratory study using measures of a wide range of cognitive functions and asked participants (N = 157) to generate options for actions for different everyday life decision‐making scenarios. The results of a latent variable analysis show that the cognitive underpinnings of option generation are consistent across different everyday life situations and, hence, option generation can be conceptualized as a general construct. Moreover, the results of a confirmatory factor analysis reveal that, when controlling for the shared variance among the cognitive processes assessed, verbal fluency, working memory capacity, ideation fluency, and processing speed predicted option generation. These findings suggest that option generation in everyday life situations can be distinguished from other cognitive constructs, such as divergent thinking (in terms of ideas’ originality) and long‐term memory.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Institutes:Fakultät Humanwissenschaften / Lehrstuhl für Persönlichkeitspsychologie und Psychologische Diagnostik
Author:Johannes Leder, Jan A. Häusser, Stefan Krumm, Markus Germar, Alexander Schlemmer, Stefan Kaiser, Annemarie Kalis, Andreas Mojzisch
Title of the journal / compilation (English):Cognitive science : a multidisciplinary journal of anthropology, artificial intelligence, education, linguistics, neuroscience, philosophy, psychology
Place of publication:Malden, Mass.
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Year of publication:2018
Pages / Size:Online-Ressource (30 Seiten)
Keywords:cognitive processes; creativity; decision making; memory; option generation
URL:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cogs.12678
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12678
ISSN:1551-6709
Document Type:Article in a journal
Language:English
Peer Review:Ja
Internationale Verbreitung:Ja
Open-Access-Zeitschrift:Nein
Release Date:2018/11/14