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#### Schlagworte

- Assessment (1)
- Dual purpose cask (1)
- Spent nuclear fuel (1)

#### Organisationseinheit der BAM

- 3 Gefahrgutumschließungen (3) (entfernen)

In Germany current package design safety cases include more and more advanced numerical methods, e. g. finite element analysis (FEA), often in combination with local concepts of strength evaluation of the structure. This approach requires extensive modeling and verification procedures. As a consequence the efforts of authority assessment of design safety analysis increase as well. Only the check of pre- and post-data of numerical calculations is often not sufficient for the safety assessment. On the other hand own analyses of the mechanical problem by performing an Independent numerical modeling and analyzing is not always realizable. Therefore it is necessary to look for optimized procedures of the assessment, without loss of safety. This paper shows possibilities for the assessment strategy of numerical analyses with focus on simple analytical approaches as comparative calculations. Such approaches can be helpful to support evaluation of numerical calculations in the whole assessment procedure.
Three examples are considered to Show which possibilities and limits exist to support the assessment of numerical analyses using analytical comparative calculations. Two examples of bolt and lid analysis show the influence of component and boundary stiffness on the results. Thickness to length/width ratios are partially exceeded and only fixed or free boundary conditions can be analyzed analytical. Nevertheless These analytical approaches can help to evaluate the numerical results for the assessment.
The example of a trunnion demonstrates the limits of analytical approaches. The trunnion shows a complex deformation behavior and local stresses. A single basic theory isn’t matching and a construct of several approaches is not useable for calculations of local stresses. Therefore numerical calculations during assessment are necessary.
Analytical approaches are not always purposeful but often effective to reduce the effort of assessment for numerical analysis of complex and safety relevant components of RAM packages.

Load attachment points, consisting of the lifting component and corresponding bolt connections, and lid systems, consisting of a lid, gaskets and bolt connections, are usually analyzed numerically using the Finite Element Method. Reasons for applying the FEM are complex geometry, specific load distribution and the violation of application criteria for analytical approaches. For example the elementary beam theory is not suitable for the calculation of compact trunnions and the Kirchhoff plate theory is not suitable for the calculation of lids with a large thickness to diameter ratio because the Bernoulli-hypothesis is violated. In addition for structural integrity assessments often local stress and for the evaluation of lid systems tightness local contact opening are needed, which can be obtained only through accurately discretized numerical models.
Independent comparative calculations are essential for complex calculations. Simplified but appropriate analytical approaches are an efficient way of examination. Is it possible to provide conservative analytical estimates of such kind of analysis problems? Are analytical calculations an appropriate approach in today's authority assessment business? Using the example of bolted trunnion and lid systems of a heavy package the possibilities and limits of analytical comparative calculations are shown.

Assessment experience on packages loaded with damaged spent nuclear fuel for transport after storage
(2018)

In 2017 the first German package approval certificate was issued for a dual purpose cask (DPC) design with encapsulated damaged spent nuclear fuel. At the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) a comprehensive assessment procedure was carried out with respect to the mechanical and thermal design, the containment design and quality assurance for manufacturing and operation. Main objective of this procedure was to verify the Package Design Safety Report (PDSR) fulfils the requirements according to the IAEA regulations SSR-6.
Until now only standard spent nuclear fuel assemblies were designated for interim storage and transports. Due to nuclear phase out in Germany all other kinds of SNF in particular damaged fuel has to be packed. Therefore specific requirements have to be considered in accordance with international experiences written in IAEA technical reports. In Germany damaged spent nuclear fuel (DSNF) needs a tight encapsulation with special encapsulations and clearly defined properties.
Due to the limited amount of DSNF these encapsulations are designed for storage and transport in existing packages. From the assessment experience it has been seen, corresponding PDSR need an extensively expansion to cover the design of these encapsulations and their influences on the package. Then such well-defined encapsulations can be handled like standard fuel assemblies. The main difference to standard package components is, encapsulations with permanent closure achieve their specified condition not after manufacturing but only during operation after loading and closing.
Thus specific handling instruction and test procedures are necessary especially for welding, where BAM is able to survey the quality of this first part of operation.