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#### Erscheinungsjahr

- 2009 (4) (entfernen)

#### Dokumenttyp

- Zeitschriftenartikel (2)
- Beitrag zu einem Tagungsband (1)
- Vortrag (1)

#### Schlagworte

- Decommissioning (1)
- Drop test (1)
- Dynamic simulation (1)
- Finite element calculation (1)
- Großkomponenten (1)
- Impact limiter (1)
- Kerntechnische Anlagen (1)
- Large components (1)
- Mechanical assessment (1)
- Mechanik (1)

Dynamic and quasi-static FE calculation of impact from 9 metre drop of spent fuel transport cask
(2009)

The drop from 9 m height onto a rigid target is one of the required proofs of safety for packages of radioactive materials. Direct dynamic finite element method (FEM) calculations and combined two step analytical quasi-static finite element (FE) calculations are both applied for the simulation of a 9 m drop test. This paper gives a comparative example of both approaches for the 9 m side drop simulation of the spent fuel transport cask with wood filled impact limiter. The model for dynamic FEM consists of cask body and impact limiter. Detailed material properties and geometry descriptions from each component of the impact limiter are required. The results (stress fields in the cask body) are obtained directly from the calculation. The combined method provides as intermediate results the force-deformation characteristic of impact limiter. The maximum impact limiter force determined by the law of energy conservation during the drop is then - in a second step - applied on the cask body in a quasi-static FE model in order to calculate the stresses. In this paper, the rigid body deceleration and the maximum stress in the middle of the cask body are used for the comparison between the dynamic FEM and the combined method. Similar maximum rigid body deceleration-time curves were obtained by both methods for the horizontal 9 m free fall. Concerning the stress in the cask body the dynamic FEM results oscillate about values calculated by the combined quasi-static approach. If the combined quasi-static approach is used in the safety assessment of a cask, a suitable factor has to be applied on its results to take into account the additional dynamic effects.

Transport of large nuclear power plant components: experiences in mechanical design assessment
(2009)

In the course of decommissioning of power plants in Germany large nuclear components (steam generator, reactor pressure vessel) must be transported over public traffic routes to interim storage facilities, where they are dismantled or stored temporarily. Since it concerns surface contaminated objects or low specific activity materials, a safety evaluation considering the IAEA transport regulations mainly for industrial packages (type IP-2) is necessary. For these types of industrial packages the requirements from normal transport conditions are to be covered for the mechanical proof. For example, a free drop of the package from a defined height, in dependence of its mass, onto an unyielding target, and a stacking test are required. Since physical drop tests are impossible generally due to the singularity of such 'packages', a calculation has to be performed, preferably by a complex numerical analysis. The assessment of the loads takes place on the basis of local stress distributions, also with consideration of radiation induced brittleness of the material and with consideration of recent scientific investigation results. Large nuclear components have typically been transported in an unpackaged manner, so that the external shell of the component provides the packaging wall. The investigation must consider the entire component including all penetration areas such as manholes or nozzles. According to the present IAEA regulations the drop position is to be examined, which causes the maximum damage to the package. In the case of a transport under special arrangement a drop only in an attitude representing the usual handling position (administratively controlled) is necessary. If dose rate values of the package are higher than maximum allowable values for a public transport, then it is necessary that additional shielding construction units are attached to the large component.