### Filtern

#### Schlagworte

- Computed tomography (4)
- Neutron diffraction (2)
- Aluminum alloys (1)
- Average phase stress concentrations (1)
- Effective properties (1)
- Fiber-reinforced composite (1)
- Finite element method (1)
- Homogenization (1)
- Hysteresis (1)
- Internal stress (1)

#### Organisationseinheit der BAM

- 8 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung (7)
- 8.5 Mikro-ZfP (7)
- 7 Bauwerkssicherheit (1)
- 7.1 Baustoffe (1)

Stress-induced damage evolution in cast AlSi12CuMgNi alloy with one- and two ceramic reinforcements
(2017)

Two composites, consisting of an as-cast AlSi12CuMgNi alloy reinforced with 15%vol. Al2O3 short fibres and with 7%vol. Al2O3 short fibres + 15%vol. SiC particles were studied. Synchrotron computed tomography disclosed distribution, orientation, and volume fraction of the different phases. In-situ compression tests during neutron diffraction in direction parallel to the fibres plane revealed the load partition between phases. Internal damage (fragmentation) of the Si phase and Al2O3 fibres was directly observed in CT reconstructions. Significant debonding between Al-matrix and SiC particles was also found. Finally, based on the Maxwell scheme, a micro-mechanical model was utilized for the new composite with two ceramic reinforcements; it rationalizes the experimental data, and predicts the evolution of all internal stress components in each phase.

Average phase stress concentrations in multiphase metal matrix composites under compressive loading
(2016)

We develop a model to predict average over individual phases stress concentrations in a multiphase metal matrix composite under compressive loading. The model accounts for matrix plasticity through variation of the shear modulus with applied stress and for frac- ture of filler through change in the shape of the particles. Three micromechanical models are compared –non interaction approximation, Mori–Tanaka–Benveniste (MTB) scheme, and Maxwell scheme. Comparison with the experimental measurements of Cabeza et al. (2016) shows that Maxwell scheme generally predicts the stress concentration with satis- factory accuracy. Results of MTB scheme vary depending on the loading case and ignoring of the interaction leads to substantial overestimation of the stresses.

This paper focuses on the experimental evaluation of one of the key microstructural Parameters of a short-fiber reinforced composite – the orientation distribution of fibers. It is shown that computed tomography (CT) produces results suitable for reconstruction of the orientation distribution function. This function is used for calculation of the effective elastic properties of polymer-fiber reinforced concrete. Explicit formulas are derived for overall elastic moduli accounting for orientation distribution in the frameworks of the noninteraction approximation, the Mori–Tanaka–Benveniste scheme, and the Maxwell scheme.
The approach illustrated can be applied to any kind of composite material.

Microstructural analysis and mechanical properties of concrete reinforced with polymer short fibers
(2018)

The paper focuses on the development of a methodology for quantitative characterization of a concrete containing polymer fibers and pores. Computed tomography (CT) characterization technique is used to provide input data for Finite Element Method (FEM) simulations and analytical modeling based on micromechanical homogenization via the compliance contribution tensor formalism. Effective elastic properties of reinforced concrete are obtained experimentally using compression testing, analytically in the framework of Non-Interaction approximation and numerically performing direct FEM simulations on specimen with reconstructed microstructure. It is shown that CT produces results suitable for implementation in numerical and analytical models. The results of analytical and numerical modeling are in a good agreement with experimental measurements providing maximum discrepancy of ∼ 2.5%.

The stress-strain behavior of microcracked polycrystalline materials (such as ceramics or rocks) underconditions of tensile, displacement-controlled, loading is discussed. Micromechanical explanation andmodeling of the basic features, such as non-linearity and hysteresis in stress-strain curves, is developed,with stable microcrack propagation and “roughness” of intergranular cracks playing critical roles. Ex-periments involving complex loading histories were done on large- and medium grain sizeb-eucryptiteceramic. The model is shown to reproduce the basic features of the observed stress-strain curves.

Load partitioning between phases in a cast AlSi12CuMgNi alloy was investigated by in-situ compression test during neutron diffraction experiments. Computed tomography (CT) was used to determine volume fractions of eutectic Si and intermetallic (IM) phases, and to assess internal damage after ex-situ compression tests. The CT reconstructed volumes showed the interconnectivity of IM phases, which build a 3D network together with eutectic Si. Large stresses were found in IMs, revealing their significant role as a reinforcement for the alloy. An existing micromechanical model based on Maxwell scheme was extended to the present case, assuming the alloy as a three-phase composite (Al matrix, eutectic Si, IM phases). The model agrees well with the experimental data.
Moreover, it allows predicting the principal stresses in each phase, while experiments can only determine stress differences between the axial and radial sample directions. Finally, we showed that the addition of alloying elements not only allowed developing a 3D interconnected network, but also improved the strength of the Al matrix, and the ability of the alloy constituents to bear mechanical load.

The paper focuses on the reformulation of classic Maxwell's (1873) homogenization method for calculation of the residual stresses in matrix composites. For this goal, we equate the far fields produced by a set of inhomogeneities subjected to known eigenstrains and by a fictitious domain with unknown eigenstrain. The effect of interaction between the inhomogeneities is reduced to the calculation of the additional field acting on an inhomogeneity due to the eigenstrains in its neighbors. An explicit formula for residual stresses is derived for the general case of a multiphase composite. The method is illustrated by several examples. The results are compared with available experimental data as well as with predictions provided by the non-interaction approximation (Eshelby solution). It is shown that accounting for interaction can explain many experimentally observed phenomena and is required for adequate quantitative analytical modeling of the residual stresses in matrix composites.