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Non-Heat Generating Legacy Waste - New Strategies for Older Vessels

  • The German repository “Konrad” is approved for the final storage of approximately 300.000 m³ of non-heat generating radioactive waste considering also the expected residues from operation and decommissioning of current power plants. According to the latest survey as constituted end of 2014, a large proportion of this volume already exists, of which 100.288 m³ are fully loaded packages. As prerequisite for their “Konrad” acceptance, the vessels have to be designed against operational and accidental conditions of the site and be manufactured according to adequate quality assurance programs. The respective safety assessment performed by BAM on behalf of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection is a major challenge especially for those casks that had been produced and loaded already some decades ago. Typically, they were manufactured in big numbers over a longer period of time involving a lot of constructional and management changes. This fact in combination with theThe German repository “Konrad” is approved for the final storage of approximately 300.000 m³ of non-heat generating radioactive waste considering also the expected residues from operation and decommissioning of current power plants. According to the latest survey as constituted end of 2014, a large proportion of this volume already exists, of which 100.288 m³ are fully loaded packages. As prerequisite for their “Konrad” acceptance, the vessels have to be designed against operational and accidental conditions of the site and be manufactured according to adequate quality assurance programs. The respective safety assessment performed by BAM on behalf of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection is a major challenge especially for those casks that had been produced and loaded already some decades ago. Typically, they were manufactured in big numbers over a longer period of time involving a lot of constructional and management changes. This fact in combination with the previously rather low documentation standards often causes relevant uncertainties about the specific physical and geometrical characteristics of the cask materials and components as well as about details concerning their whole assemblage. This paper highlights current assessment strategies for such older vessels including cubic steel sheet containers as well as cylindrical thick-walled casks. As compliance with each “Konrad”-requirement can hardly be shown independently, only integrated approaches promises success: First, a broader concept of data collection has to be implemented that allows closing documentation gaps by linking dispersed and diverse data, e.g. delivery slips and handwritten fabrication records, by including plau-sibility considerations as well as random inspection programs. Thereby, the relevant properties of all applied casks have to be identified and their potential range should be quantified as accurately as possible. This knowledge is necessary to define one or more representative configurations of the cask as the base for design testing. The actual investigation program must enable to track the influence of deviations and determine safety margins especially in the likely case that not the most conservative setting of all cask features can be tested. The paper evaluates the respective ongoing efforts of industrial applicants and summarizes BAM experiences and associated research projectszeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Eva Kasparek
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2016
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Final disposal container; Konrad repository; Legacy waste; Low and medium level radioactive waste; Requalification
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Energie
Energie / Kerntechnische Entsorgung
Veranstaltung:PATRAM 2016, 18th International Symposium on the Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Materials
Veranstaltungsort:Kobe, Japan
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:18.09.2016
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:23.09.2016
Verfügbarkeit des Volltexts:Volltext-PDF im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:05.01.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein